Strength training improves performance and pedaling characteristics in elite cyclists

  title={Strength training improves performance and pedaling characteristics in elite cyclists},
  author={BR R{\o}nnestad and Joar Hansen and Ivana Hollan and Stian Ellefsen},
  journal={Scandinavian Journal of Medicine \& Science in Sports},
The purpose was to investigate the effect of 25 weeks heavy strength training in young elite cyclists. [] Key Method Nine cyclists performed endurance training and heavy strength training (ES) while seven cyclists performed endurance training only (E). ES, but not E, resulted in increases in isometric half squat performance, lean lower body mass, peak power output during Wingate test, peak aerobic power output (W(max)), power output at 4 mmol L(-1)[la(-)], mean power output during 40-min all-out trial, and…

10 weeks of heavy strength training improves performance-related measurements in elite cyclists

ABSTRACT Elite cyclists have often a limited period of time available during their short preparation phase to focus on development of maximal strength; therefore, the purpose of the present study was

Strength training improves cycling performance, fractional utilization of VO2max and cycling economy in female cyclists

Adding heavy strength training improved cycling performance, increased fractional utilization of VO2max, and improved cycling economy, the main mechanisms behind these improvements seemed to be increased quadriceps muscle CSA and fiber type shifts from type IIAX‐IIX toward type IIA.

Addition of strength training to off-road cyclists training. A pilot study

The results suggest that by including a non-traditional strength training approach it is possible to maintain aerobic levels and possibly increase anaerobic parameters throughout the off-road cycling season.

Case Report: Effects of Multiple Seasons of Heavy Strength Training on Muscle Strength and Cycling Sprint Power in Elite Cyclists

  • B. Rønnestad
  • Environmental Science
    Frontiers in Sports and Active Living
  • 2022
Sprint performance is critical for endurance performance in sports characterized by multiple accelerations like a cross-country Olympic mountain bike (XCO MTB) race. There are indications that 10–25

Traditional Versus Velocity-Based Resistance Training in Competitive Female Cyclists: A Randomized Controlled Trial

In conclusion, the addition of a short-term intervention of VBRT or TRT to the usual training regimen of competitive female cyclists improves muscle strength/power, albeit V BRT might induce superior gains on maximum strength/ power for the hip thrust exercise.

Impact of 24 weeks of strength training coupled to endurance training on endurance performance (HERO Dolomites 2019)

Despite reports are still equivocal, in recent years different studies reported how strength training could impact positively on endurance performance. The aim of this study was to evaluate the

Comparison of Short-Sprint and Heavy Strength Training on Cycling Performance

The results show a high degree of specificity in the adaptations of both SST and HST, whereas HST led to a greater increase in maximal strength and no group differences were found in relative changes in endurance capacities.

Eccentric cycling does not improve cycling performance in amateur cyclists

Eccentric cycling training did not improve cycling performance in amateur cyclists and appeared to have limiting or detrimental effects on cycling performance, measured as Wmax and a 20-min time trial.

Effects of resistance training on neuromuscular characteristics and pacing during 10-km running time trial

These findings suggest that a strength training program offers a potent stimulus to counteract fatigue during the last parts of a 10-km running race, resulting in an improved overall running performance.

Effect of Eccentric Cycling and Plyometric Training on Physiological and Performance Related Parameters of Trained Junior Track Cyclists

The concurrent intervening physical training protocol was intended to increase muscular hypertrophy, peripheral factor gradient, glycolytic and oxidative enzyme capacity with proper neuromuscular coordination which may ultimately help the cyclists to pedal at a faster rate with higher muscular power output even for longer time.



Cyclists' improvement of pedaling efficacy and performance after heavy strength training.

Adding heavy strength training to usual endurance training in well-trained cyclists improves pedaling efficacy during 5-min all-out cycling performed subsequent to 185 min of submaximal cycling.

In-season strength maintenance training increases well-trained cyclists’ performance

In well-trained cyclists, strength maintenance training in a competition period preserved increases in thigh muscle CSA and leg strength attained in a preceding preparatory period and further improved cycling performance determinants and performance.

Strength training improves 5‐min all‐out performance following 185 min of cycling

Adding strength training to usual endurance training improves leg strength and 5‐min all‐out performance following 185 min of cycling in well‐trained cyclists.

Effect of isokinetic cycling versus weight training on maximal power output and endurance performance in cycling

At low cadences, Pmax improved in both training groups, however, in the IT training group, a disturbed pedaling technique compromises an improvement of Pmax at high cadences.

Effects of resistance training on endurance capacity and muscle fiber composition in young top‐level cyclists

Concurrent strength/endurance training in young elite competitive cyclists led to an improved 45‐min time‐trial endurance capacity that was accompanied by an increased proportion of type IIA muscle fibers and gains in MVC and RFD, while capillarization remained unaffected.

Effect of heavy strength training on thigh muscle cross-sectional area, performance determinants, and performance in well-trained cyclists

Adding strength training to usual endurance training improved determinants of cycling performance as well as performance in well-trained cyclists.

Maximal strength-training effects on force-velocity and force-power relationships explain increases in aerobic performance in humans

It is concluded that the increased exercise economy after a period of upper body high resistance-training can be partly explained by a specific change in the force-velocity relationship and the mechanical power output.

The effects of replacing a portion of endurance training by explosive strength training on performance in trained cyclists

It is concluded that replacing a portion of endurance training by explosive strength training prevents a decrease in STP without compromising gains in endurance performance of trained cyclists.

The effects of strength training on endurance performance and muscle characteristics.

The present data suggest that increased leg strength does not improve cycle endurance performance in endurance-trained, female cyclists.

Block periodization of high‐intensity aerobic intervals provides superior training effects in trained cyclists

It is suggested that block periodization of training provides superior adaptations to traditional organization during a 4‐week endurance training period, despite similar training volume and intensity.