Strength grading of sawn timber in Europe: an explanation for engineers and researchers

  title={Strength grading of sawn timber in Europe: an explanation for engineers and researchers},
  author={Daniel Ridley-Ellis and P. J. A. Stapel and Vanesa Ba{\~n}o},
  journal={European Journal of Wood and Wood Products},
This paper is a concise explanation of the normative background to strength grading in Europe, addressing important aspects that are commonly misunderstood by structural engineers and timber researchers. It also highlights changes that are being made to the standards to: incorporate requirements of the construction products regulations; add improvements to the system to accommodate the latest knowledge and technology; and widen the application of the standards. Where designs need to be… 
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