Streamflow Greatly Reduced by Converting Deciduous Hardwood Stands to Pine

@article{Swank1974StreamflowGR,
  title={Streamflow Greatly Reduced by Converting Deciduous Hardwood Stands to Pine},
  author={Wayne T. Swank and James E. Douglass},
  journal={Science},
  year={1974},
  volume={185},
  pages={857 - 859}
}
Fifteen years after two experimental watersheds in the southern Appalachians had been converted from a mature deciduous hardwood cover to white pine, annual streamflow was reduced about 20 centimeters (20 percent) below that expected for the hardwood cover. Streamflow was reduced during every month, with the largest monthly reductions (1.5 to 3.5 centimeters) occurring in the dormant and early growing seasons. 
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