Stratification, Polyandry, and Family Structure in Central Tibet

  title={Stratification, Polyandry, and Family Structure in Central Tibet},
  author={Melvyn C. Goldstein},
  journal={Southwestern Journal of Anthropology},
  pages={64 - 74}
  • M. Goldstein
  • Published 1 April 1971
  • Sociology
  • Southwestern Journal of Anthropology
Polyandry has long held an important place in the literature on kinship and social organization, and Tibet has commonly been used to exemplify a fraternal polyandrously organized society. But even a cursory examination of the literature on marriage and the family in Tibet reveals glaring contradictions concerning the role and importance of polyandry. This paper attempts to show how these contradictions are resolved when marriage is analyzed in terms of stratification and land tenure. Polyandry… 

Fraternal Polyandry and Land Ownership in Kinnaur, Western Himalaya

I explore fraternal polyandry, a significant but rare social institution, and its relationship with changing land ownership patterns in Kinnaur, Western Himalaya. Kinnauri fraternal polyandry, a

Polyandry and population growth in a historical Tibetan society

The Polyandry Transition: Rural Change and Marriage Practices in Nepal's Tibet Frontier Zone

This study analyzes the links between social-economic change and changing marriage practices in the Loba population group (hereafter Loba in Lo-kingdom). Since long ago (until recently), single women


Tibet has its unique geographic characters and special natural resource distribution patterns. Because of its natural conditions and relative isolation from the outside world special social systems

Matriarchy, polyandry, and fertility amongst the Mosuos in China

Summary A survey of 232 households of the Mosuo minority group in Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China, suggested that polyandrous matriarchy did not raise the birth rate per household, but

Nyinba Polyandry and the Allocation of Paternity

Fraternal polyandry among the Nyinba, an ethnic group of Tibetan cultural affiliation, is part of a unitary marital system. All men are regarded as husbands to their common wife and all expect to h...

Kinship and the State in Tibet and Its Borderlands

Formations in kinship have received little attention in Tibetan studies, particularly in the period following pivotal publications by Goldstein (1971a; 1971b; 1971c; 1978), Aziz (1978), Levine (1981;

Is tibetan polyandry adaptive?

It is argued that valid adaptationist explanations of such practices do not necessitate cognitive mechanisms evolved specifically to produce polyandry, nor that there must have been exact equivalents of Tibetan agricultural estates and social institutions in human evolutionary history.

Persecuted or permitted? Fraternal Polyandry in a Calvinist colony, Sri Lanka (Ceylon), seventeenth and eighteenth centuries

Abstract Several studies assume that Calvinist Christianity severely undermined or even persecuted the practice of polyandry in the Sri Lankan areas under Dutch control. We analyze Dutch colonial

Demographic Dimensions of an Intervillage Land Dispute in Nubri, Nepal

The demographic basis for a land dispute between two Tibetan villages in Nubri, Nepal, is examined in relation to family systems. Despite close proximity and sociocultural ties, the villages



The Stem Family and Its Extension in Present Day Japan1

T HIS paper will discuss the significance of the stem family household in Japan today and attempt to demonstrate that this unit, which consists of a series of first sons, their wives and minor

Serfdom and Mobility: An Examination of the Institution of “Human Lease” in Traditional Tibetan Society

Serfdom was pervasive in Tibet and all laymen with the exception of a few hundred aristocratic families were hereditary serfs, tied to a lord through an estate. Nonetheless, the Tibetan social system

Patrilineal Descent and Personal Kindred in Japan1

S YSTEMS of descent may be conveniently divided into three major categories, following Davenport (1959): unilineal, nonunilineal, and bilateral. The unilineal category includes patrilineal,

" The Iban of Western Borneo , " in Social Structure in Southeast Asia

  • International Archives of Ethnography
  • 1960

Polyandry. International Archives of Ethnography 46:106-115

  • 1952