Strategies for Promoting Healthier Food Choices.

  title={Strategies for Promoting Healthier Food Choices.},
  author={Julie S. Downs and George Loewenstein and Jessica Wisdom},
  journal={The American economic review},
  volume={99 2},
Between 1960 and 2004, the proportion of Americans meeting standard criteria for obesity increased from 13 percent to 31 percent (Katherine M. Flegal et al. 2002), and it has been proposed that, if this trend is not reversed, obesity may soon overtake smoking as the leading preventable cause of death (Ali H. Mokdad et al. 2004). Consequently, obesity is now one of the major causes of rising health care costs (Eric A. Finkelstein, Christopher J. Ruhm, and Katherine M. Kosa 2005). Empirical… 

Tables from this paper

Behavioral Economic Approaches to Childhood Obesity Prevention Nutrition Policies: A Social Ecological Perspective.

A theoretical review of policy-level childhood obesity prevention nutrition initiatives informed by Behavioral economic (BE) theory and its applications for nutrition policies may help to inform future theoretically grounded policy- level public health interventions.

Other Food Policies as Obesity Policy

Findings are generally negative regarding both the contributions of USDA’s food and nutrition programs (FANPs) to obesity and the potential for modifying them effectively and economically to reduce obesity.

Enhancing the effectiveness of food labeling in restaurants.

It is unlikely that the type of calorie labeling going into effect around the country will have much effect on the prevalence of obesity, and existing evidence on the effectiveness of point-of-purchase calorie labeling is equivocal at best.

Childhood Obesity: An Economic Perspective

The issue of childhood obesity within an economic policy framework is analyzed and the evidence of trends in obesity in children is reviewed and an overview of recent and planned childhood obesity preventative health programs is provided.

What Would We Eat if We Knew More: The Implications of a Large-Scale Change in Nutrition Labeling

Abstract: This paper computes the welfare benefits of additional information about nutritional content in food by revealed preference and evaluates quantitatively whether the estimated behavioral

Nudging Our Way to a Healthier Population: The Effect of Calorie Labeling and Self-Control on Menu Choices of Emerging Adults

Examination of the effect of menu calorie labeling and self-control on food and beverage choices of emerging adults revealed that calorie labeling increased the likelihood of choosing lower calorie food and beverages, and moderating effect was not revealed for beverage choice.

influence of calorie labeling: a natural experiment

Examination of children’s and adolescents’ fast-food choice and the influence of calorie labels in low-income communities in New York City and in a comparison city found no statistically significant differences in calories purchased before and after labeling.

Life satisfaction, overweightness and obesity

Abstract: Many economists share the view that the rise in obesity is largely the result of rational decision-making by individuals who compare risks and benefits. A dominant view among economists is

Behavioral Economics Guidelines with Applications for Health Interventions

Chronic diseases have risen in prominence in recent years and are now the major cause of morbidity and mortality globally. The rise in rates of obesity and aging populations are two primary drivers



Nutrition Labels and Obesity

In National Health Interview Survey data, it is found that the implementation of the new labels was associated with a decrease in body weight and the probability of obesity, and the total monetary benefit was far in excess of the costs of the NLEA.

The Fat Fight: The Risks and Consequences of the Federal Government’s Failing Public Health Campaign

This chapter discusses information campaigns and incentives to Businesses and Local Governments, and the role of Structural Barriers in Preventing Healthy Eating and Exercise, in the Government’s War on Obesity.

Prevalence and trends in obesity among US adults, 1999-2000.

The increases in the prevalences of obesity and overweight previously observed continued in 1999-2000, and increases occurred for both men and women in all age groups and for non-Hispanic whites, non- Hispanic blacks, and Mexican Americans.

Economic causes and consequences of obesity.

Underlying economic causes behind the obesity epidemic are examined, such as technological advancements, and economic consequences of obesity, including increasing obesity-related medical expenditures are described, and the role of government in combating the epidemic is discussed.

Asymmetric paternalism to improve health behaviors.

This Commentary identifies some key decision biases that ordinarily lead to self-harming behavior and shows how they can be exploited in interventions to instead promote healthy behaviors.

Prevalence and trends in overweight among US children and adolescents, 1999-2000.

The prevalence of overweight among children in the United States is continuing to increase, especially among Mexican-American and non-Hispanic black adolescents.

Actual causes of death in the United States, 2000.

These analyses show that smoking remains the leading cause of mortality in the United States, however, poor diet and physical inactivity may soon overtake tobacco as the lead cause of death.

Financial incentive-based approaches for weight loss: a randomized trial.

The use of economic incentives produced significant weight loss during the 16 weeks of intervention that was not fully sustained, and incentive participants weighed significantly less at 7 months than at the study start.

Health claims in the United States: an aid to the public or a source of confusion?

  • C. Hasler
  • Medicine
    The Journal of nutrition
  • 2008
Recent evidence suggests that this mode of communication in the United States has had limited success and in fact may be misleading to consumers.

Actual causes of death in the United States.

The most prominent contributors to mortality in the United States in 1990 were tobacco, diet and activity patterns, alcohol, microbial agents, toxic agents, firearms, sexual behavior, motor vehicles, and illicit use of drugs.