Strategic incapacitation and the policing of Occupy Wall Street protests in New York City, 2011

  title={Strategic incapacitation and the policing of Occupy Wall Street protests in New York City, 2011},
  author={Patrick Gillham and Bob Edwards and John A. Noakes},
  journal={Policing and Society},
  pages={102 - 81}
The US national response to the 11 September 2001 terrorist attacks accelerated the adoption and refinement of a new repertoire of protest policing we call ‘strategic incapacitation’ now employed by law enforcement agencies nationwide to police protest demonstrations. The occupation movement which formally began 17 September 2011 was the most significant social movement to utilise transgressive protest tactics in the United States in the last 40 years and posed a substantial challenge to law… 
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