Stranger and Acquaintance Rape: Are There Differences In the Victim's Experience?

@article{Koss1988StrangerAA,
  title={Stranger and Acquaintance Rape: Are There Differences In the Victim's Experience?},
  author={Mary P. Koss and Thomas E. Dinero and Cynthia A. Seibel and Susan L. Cox},
  journal={Psychology of Women Quarterly},
  year={1988},
  volume={12},
  pages={1 - 24}
}
Most published research on the victim–offender relationship has been based on small samples that consisted mainly of women who were raped by nonintimate and nonromantic acquaintances, who viewed their experience as rape, and/or who were seeking treatment. In the present study, 489 rape victims were located among a national sample of 3, 187 female college students by a self-report survey that avoided reliance on helpseekers. Two sets of comparisons were performed. First, the experiences reported… 

Tables from this paper

What date/acquaintance rape victims tell others: a study of college student recipients of disclosure.
TLDR
The respondents' reactions suggested that there is a continuing need to educate students about the incidence and risks associated with date/acquaintance rape and the possibility of disclosure, particularly by friends or dating partners, and brought out some possible helpful and some counterproductive reactions to such disclosures.
Social reactions to depictions of casual and steady acquaintance rape: The impact of AIDS exposure and stereotypic beliefs about women
While much of the early research on the social perception of sexual assault focused on instances of stranger rape, recent work has indicated that acquaintance rape occurs much more frequently. The
Attributions of victim blame in stranger and acquaintance rape: A quantitative study
TLDR
Findings suggest that victim blame correlates primarily with aggressively sexist attitudes and that nurses generally attribute more blame to the victim of acquaintance rape.
Acquaintances, Lovers, and Friends: Rape Within Relationships1
The research examines offender behavior in 98 cases of male-female acquaintance rape reported to the police in the United Kingdom. Each rape is defined according to the predominant style of offender
Behavior displayed by female victims during rapes committed by lone and multiple perpetrators.
Research with both the general public and members of the criminal justice system reports a pervasive rape myth of a violent offender and a physically resistant victim. Despite research being
Assessing the Impact of Acquaintance Rape
Abstract This is a study consisting of in-depth interviews with 12 women who were victims/survivors of acquaintance rape while attending a university in the Northeast. The interviews focused on
Blaming the Victim of Acquaintance Rape: Individual, Situational, and Sociocultural Factors
TLDR
A comprehensive review of the research literature on victim blame in acquaintance rape cases is provided, highlighting inconsistencies and drawing particular attention to areas of research in need of further exploration.
Assessing the Impact of Media on Blaming the Victim of Acquaintance Rape
Along with the trauma experienced by rape victims due to their assault, many victims also suffer secondary victimization due to the negative reactions of those around them. Among these negative
Violence in Known-Assailant Sexual Assaults
TLDR
Characteristics of sexual assaults among a community-based sample of 1,162 women revealed that assaults by husbands or boyfriends were more violent and resulted in more physical trauma to victims than assaults by other known assailants.
The Influence of the Victim's Consumption of Alcohol on Perceptions of Stranger and Acquaintance Rape
TLDR
Results indicated that female subjects were more likely to blame the victim if she had consumed alcohol prior to the assault and if the rape was completed rather than attempted.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 37 REFERENCES
Acquaintance Rape: Effective Avoidance Strategies
To date, research on effective rape avoidance strategies has involved media-recruited, acknowledged rape victims and avoiders, most of whom were assaulted by total strangers. In the present study,
The Hidden Rape Victim: Personality, Attitudinal, and Situational Characteristics
A hidden rape victim is one who has never reported her experience to a rape crisis center or to police. It has been estimated that only 10–50% of the rapes that actually occur are ever reported to
A Study of Women Who Both Were Raped and Avoided Rape
This paper is based on interviews with a sub-sample of 13 women who had been both raped and had avoided being raped when attacked. Both acts had to occur when the woman was an adult, and at least one
The scope of rape: incidence and prevalence of sexual aggression and victimization in a national sample of higher education students.
TLDR
The findings support published assertions of high rates of rape and other forms of sexual aggression among large normal populations and are limited in generalizability to postsecondary students.
An assessment of long-term reaction to rape.
TLDR
Women who had been victims of sudden violent attacks by complete strangers showed the most severe reactions, being even more depressed, fatigued, and fearful, and getting less satisfaction from activities than victims of other types of assaults.
Initial response to rape: The impact of factors within the rape situation
The relationship between specific aspects of the rape situation and immediate post-rape measures of depression, fear, anxiety, and social and interpersonal functioning in 50 recent victims of sexual
The socio-cultural context of rape: A cross-cultural study.
A cross-cultural study on the sociocultural context of rape was undertaken to examine the incidence meaning and function of rape in tribal societies. The study utilized a cross-cultural sample of 156
Dimensions of Recovery from Rape
To date, all research on rape recovery has focused on patterns of reduction in negative symptoms—primarily fear, anxiety, depression, and sexual dysfunction. This article reports the first systematic
Sexual assault trauma during the acute phase: an exploratory model and multivariate analysis.
An exploratory model of variables affecting sexual assault trauma during the acute phase is proposed and tested, using a multivariate statistical analysis. As predicted, trauma level is affected by
...
1
2
3
4
...