Strange-Face-in-the-Mirror Illusion

@article{Caputo2010StrangeFaceintheMirrorI,
  title={Strange-Face-in-the-Mirror Illusion},
  author={Giovanni B. Caputo},
  journal={Perception},
  year={2010},
  volume={39},
  pages={1007 - 1008}
}
  • G. Caputo
  • Published 1 July 2010
  • Psychology
  • Perception
I describe a visual illusion which occurs when an observer sees his/her image reflected in a mirror in a dimly lit room. This illusion can be easily experienced and replicated as the details of the setting (in particular the room illumination) are not critical. These observations were made in a quiet room dimly lit by a 25 W incandescent light. The lamp was placed on the floor behind the observer so that it was not visible either directly or in the mirror. A relatively large mirror (0.5 mT0.5 m… 
Strange-face illusions during inter-subjective gazing
  • G. Caputo
  • Psychology, Art
    Consciousness and Cognition
  • 2013
Visual Perception during Mirror-Gazing at One's Own Face in Patients with Depression
TLDR
Apparitions of strange faces in the mirror were very reduced in depression patients compared to healthy controls, which may be produced by deficits of facial expression and facial recognition of emotions, which are involved in the relationship between the patient (or the patient's ego) and his face image that is reflected in the Mirror.
Archetypal-Imaging and Mirror-Gazing
TLDR
Strange-face illusions may be the psychodynamic projection of the subject’s unconscious archetypal contents into the mirror image, and might provide both an ecological setting and an experimental technique for “imaging of the unconscious”.
Strange-face illusions during eye-to-eye gazing in dyads: specific effects on derealization, depersonalization and dissociative identity
  • G. Caputo
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2019
TLDR
Effects of gender show that strange-face illusions are more frequent in men with respect to women if dyads are composed of individuals of different-gender and drawings of strange-faces, which were perceived by portrait artists in place the others’ faces allowed a direct illustration of examples of dissociative identities.
Split-mirror gazing increases dissociative states and illusions of self-identity
  • G. Caputo
  • Psychology
    Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation
  • 2021
TLDR
Findings support the distinction between detachment and compartmentalization, and may provide a tool for experimental investigation of dissociative identity disorder (DID).
Strange-face-in-the-mirror illusion and schizotypy during adolescence.
TLDR
To examine experimentally induced self-face illusions in a nonclinical sample of adolescents, using the Mirror-Gazing test, and investigate whether dimensions of adolescent trait schizotypy were differentially related to phenomena arising during the MGT, the results yielded 4 types of strange face illusions.
Mirror- and Eye-Gazing: An Integrative Review of Induced Altered and Anomalous Experiences
We critically reviewed the protocols, results, and potential implications from empirical studies (n = 44) on mirror-gazing (including the “psychomanteum”) and eye-to-eye gazing, both in healthy
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