Investigation of the drawing mechanism of UHMWPE fibers
- J. T. Yeh, S. C. Lin, C. W. Tu, K. H. Hsie, F. C. Chang
- J. Mater. Sci. 43
The effects of vitamin E addition on the strain-induced crystallization and molecular chain orientation of ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) were examined in order to clarify the wear mechanism of vitamin E-blended UHMWPE in knee prostheses. The structure changes of vitamin E-blended UHMWPE before and after tensile strain were analyzed by X-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy and image correlation method. The vitamin E-blended UHMWPE exhibited lower strain-induced crystallization than virgin UHMWPE but a higher Ic value in Raman spectroscopic analysis. The vitamin E-blended UHMWPE also exhibited a larger percentage of negative areal dilatation under tensile strain. These results suggest that the addition of vitamin E to UHMWPE decreases the strain-induced crystallization and increases the strain-induced orientation of the molecular chains present in the amorphous phase.