Blackleg development and tuber yield in relation to numbers of Erwinia carotovora subsp, atroseptica on seed potatoes
- R. A. Bain, M.C.M. Perombelon, L. Tsror, A. Nachmias
- Plant Pathology
Three stocks of seed potatoes contaminated with soft rot Erwinias were stored for 172 days in a commercial pallet box store. Three treatments were applied: naturally ventilated boxes, forced air ventilated boxes and single tubers on trays. Skin resistance values were 2.3, 9.4 and 19.3 megohm respectively. Rewetting events numbered 4, 7 and 15.Erwinia carotovora pv.carotovora (Ecc) andErwinia carotovora pv.atroseptica (Eca) declined in all stocks and treatments. Ecc declined significantly faster in the forced air ventilated treatment. The more frequent rewettings in the trays reverse the benefit of their drier skins. In the earliest sprouting stock, the naturally ventilated, but not the forced ventilated boxes, showed a decrease in skin resistance and corresponding increase in Ecc as spring approached. Forced ventilation in the first 14 days after harvest halved the level of silver scurf compared to the naturally ventilated treatment.