Storage of an electric field for photocurrent generation in ferroelectric-functionalized organic devices.

Abstract

Organic optoelectronic devices are usually driven by the electric field generated from an electrode potential difference or bias voltage. Although poled ferroelectric domains may produce oriented stray fields, few efforts have been made to utilize them for photocurrent generation in organic devices. Here we show that large net fields caused by incomplete screening during ferroelectric polarization, and which can be 'restored' by short voltage pulses, can facilitate exciton dissociation in organic semiconductors. The oriented fields, comparable with that produced by an electrode potential difference (1~10 MV m(-1)), here are found to be responsible for the photocurrent in our devices. A prototype for an organic photodetector driven by such stray fields is demonstrated. The photoresponsivity, without any optimization, can achieve ~0.1 mA W(-1). This study provides a different operation principle for the generation of photocurrent in organic optoelectronic devices. Furthermore, the polarity-tunable photoresponse may lead to new photoresponsive memory devices.

DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4279

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Cite this paper

@article{Hu2014StorageOA, title={Storage of an electric field for photocurrent generation in ferroelectric-functionalized organic devices.}, author={Laigui Hu and Simon J Dalgleish and Michio M. Matsushita and Hirofumi Yoshikawa and Kunio Awaga}, journal={Nature communications}, year={2014}, volume={5}, pages={3279} }