Storage-induced damage to red blood cell mechanical properties can be only partially reversed by rejuvenation.

Abstract

BACKGROUND The storage of red blood cells (RBC) is associated with impairment of their properties that can induce a circulatory risk to recipients. In a preceding study (2009), we reported that post-storage rejuvenation (RJ) of stored RBC (St-RBC) efficiently reduced the storage-induced RBC/endothelial cell interaction, while only partially reversing the level of intracellular Ca(2+), reactive oxygen species, and surface phosphatidylserine. In the present study, we examined the RJ effectiveness in repairing St-RBC mechanical properties. METHODS RBC, stored in CPDA-1 without pre-storage leukoreduction, were subjected to post-storage RJ, and the deformability, osmotic fragility (OF), and mechanical fragility (MF) of the rejuvenated St-RBC (St-RBCRj) were compared to those of untreated St-RBC and of freshly-collected RBC (F-RBC). RESULTS 5-week storage considerably increased OF and MF, and reduced the deformability of St-RBC. All alterations were only partially (40-70%) reversed by RJ, depending on the extent of the damage: the greater the damage, the lesser the relative effect of RJ. CONCLUSION The findings of the present and preceding studies suggest that different St-RBC properties are differentially reversed by RJ, implying that some of the changes occur during storage and are irreversible.

DOI: 10.1159/000357986

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Cite this paper

@article{Barshtein2014StorageinducedDT, title={Storage-induced damage to red blood cell mechanical properties can be only partially reversed by rejuvenation.}, author={Gregory Barshtein and Alexander Gural and Noga Manny and Orly Zelig and Saul Yedgar and Dan Arbell}, journal={Transfusion medicine and hemotherapy : offizielles Organ der Deutschen Gesellschaft fur̈ Transfusionsmedizin und Immunham̈atologie}, year={2014}, volume={41 3}, pages={197-204} }