Stoichiometry of energy coupling by proton-translocating ATPases: a history of variability.

@article{Tomashek2000StoichiometryOE,
  title={Stoichiometry of energy coupling by proton-translocating ATPases: a history of variability.},
  author={John J. Tomashek and William S. A. Brusilow},
  journal={Journal of bioenergetics and biomembranes},
  year={2000},
  volume={32 5},
  pages={493-500}
}
One of the central energy-coupling reactions in living systems is the intraconversion of ATP with a transmembrane proton gradient, carried out by proton-translocating F- and V-type ATPases/synthases. These reversible enzymes can hydrolyze ATP and pump protons, or can use the energy of a transmembrane proton gradient to synthesize ATP from ADP and inorganic phosphate. The stoichiometry of these processes (H(+)/ATP, or coupling ratio) has been studied in many systems for many years, with no… CONTINUE READING

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