Estimating causal interaction between prefrontal cortex and striatum by transfer entropy
The mechanisms by which excitatory and inhibitory input impulse sequences interact in changing the spike probability in neurons are examined in the two mathematical neuron models; one is a real-time neuron model which is close to physiological reality, and the other a stochastic automaton model for the temporal pattern discrimination proposed in the previous paper (Tsukada et al., 1976), which is developed in this paper as neuron models for interaction of excitatory and inhibitory input impulse sequences. The interval distributions of the output spike train from these models tend to be multimodal and are compared with those used for experimental data, reported by Bishop et al. (1964) for geniculate neuron activity and Poisson process deleting model analyzed by Ten Hoopen et al. (1966). Special attention, moreover, should be paid to how different forms of inhibitory input are transformed into the output interval distributions through these neuron models. These results exhibit a clear correlation between inhibitory input form and output interval distribution. More detailed information on this mechanism is obtained from the computations of recurrence-time under the stationary condition to go from active state to itself for the first time, each of which is influenced by the inhibitory input forms. In addition to these facts, some resultant characteristics on interval histogram and serial correlation are discussed in relation to physiological data from the literature.