Stochastic atmospheric assistance and the use of emergency staging sites by migrants

  title={Stochastic atmospheric assistance and the use of emergency staging sites by migrants},
  author={Judy Shamoun-Baranes and Jutta Leyrer and Emiel E Weibel van Loon and P. K. Bocher and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Robin and Francis D. Meunier and Theunis Piersma},
  booktitle={Proceedings. Biological sciences},
Numerous animals move vast distances through media with stochastic dynamic properties. Avian migrants must cope with variable wind speeds and directions en route, which potentially jeopardize fine-tuned migration routes and itineraries. We show how unpredictable winds affect flight times and the use of an intermediate staging site by red knots (Calidris canutus canutus) migrating from west Africa to the central north Siberian breeding areas via the German Wadden Sea. A dynamic migration model… CONTINUE READING
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