Stochastic Independence as a Resource in Small-Scale Thermodynamics.

@article{Lostaglio2015StochasticIA,
  title={Stochastic Independence as a Resource in Small-Scale Thermodynamics.},
  author={Matteo Lostaglio and Markus P. M{\"u}ller and Michele Pastena},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2015},
  volume={115 15},
  pages={
          150402
        }
}
It is well known in thermodynamics that the creation of correlations costs work. It seems then a truism that if a thermodynamic transformation A→B is impossible, so will be any transformation that in sending A to B also correlates among them some auxiliary systems C. Surprisingly, we show that this is not the case for nonequilibrium thermodynamics of microscopic systems. On the contrary, the creation of correlations greatly extends the set of accessible states, to the point that we can perform… 

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