- Published 2007

A difference approximation that is second-order accurate in the time step h is derived for the general Ito stochastic differential equation. The difference equation has the form of a second-order random walk in which the random terms are non-linear combinations of Gaussian random variables. For a wide class of problems, the transition pdf is joint-normal to second order in h; the technique then reduces to a Gaussian random walk, but its application is not limited to problems having a Gaussian solution. A large number of independent sample paths are generated in a Monte Carlo solution algorithm; any statistical function of the solution (e.g., moments or pdf's) can be estimated by ensemble averaging over these paths.

@inproceedings{Haworth2007StochasticAA,
title={Stochastic Analysis and Applications},
author={Daniel C. Haworth},
year={2007}
}