Age effects on the P300 potential and the corresponding fMRI BOLD-signal
The effects of responding hand and stimulus probability were investigated in young and old subjects in an RT task in which both rare and frequent stimuli required a response. It was found that the effect of stimulus probability was less pronounced in old subjects than in young, and that the latency of P3 was longer in the elderly, although their RTs were not different from young subjects. ERPs for right hand responses were larger than for left hand responses; this difference was discernible already in the P2 and N2 peaks of the ERP. A tentative explanation is offered for these large and unexpected hand differences. An interpretation in terms of an age-related decrease in resources is proposed for the increased P3 latency and the decreased probability effect on P3 amplitude in old subjects.