Stimulus and hormonal determinants of flehmen behavior in cats

@article{Hart1987StimulusAH,
  title={Stimulus and hormonal determinants of flehmen behavior in cats},
  author={Benjamin L Hart and Mitzi G. Leedy},
  journal={Hormones and Behavior},
  year={1987},
  volume={21},
  pages={44-52}
}
Felids are the main group of animals, other than ungulates, that display flehmen behavior during sociosexual interactions. In ungulates the behavior is evoked most readily by olfactory investigation of urine and vaginal secretions, and is believed to be involved in the transport of fluid-borne chemical stimuli, such as sex pheromones, from the oral cavity to the vomeronasal organ. In this study of cats flehmen was virtually always preceded by nasooral contact with the stimulus material… Expand
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References

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TLDR
It was found that most flehmen responses were made after mounting or ejaculatory responses, suggesting that VNO stimulation, like regular olfactory stimulation, may function during copulatory activity to maintain sexual interest. Expand
Flehmen and vomeronasal organ function in male goats
TLDR
It was concluded that, if the dye represented a behaviorally significant non-volatile material (sex attractant), only the goats that showed flehmen would have detected the material from VNO chemoreception. Expand
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The flehmen or lip-curl behavior displayed by males of most ungulate and felid species is a prominent, but poorly understood, aspect of sociosexual behavior. The behavior is sexually dimorphic inExpand
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TLDR
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Vomeronasal organ cannulation in male goats: Evidence for transport of fluid from oral cavity to vomeronasal organ during flehmen
TLDR
A chronic cannulation procedure is described which allows for sampling vomeronasal organ (VNO) contents repeatedly in freely moving conscious subjects and the concentration of dye found in the VNO was markedly higher after the occurrence of flehmen than non-flehmen. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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