Stimulation of transient receptor potential M3 (TRPM3) channels increases interleukin-8 gene promoter activity involving AP-1 and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase.

Abstract

Stimulation of Ca2+ permeable TRPM3 (transient receptor potential melastatin-3) channels with the steroid ligand pregnenolone sulfate activates stimulus-responsive transcription factors, including the transcription factor AP-1 (activator protein-1). As part of a search for AP-1-regulated target genes we analyzed the gene encoding interleukin-8 (IL-8) in HEK293 cells expressing TRPM3 channels. Here, we show that stimulation of TRPM3 channels activated transcription of an IL-8 promoter-controlled reporter gene that was embedded into the chromatin of the cells. Mutational analysis of the IL-8 promoter revealed that the AP-1 binding site of the IL-8 promoter was essential to connect TRPM3 stimulation with the transcription of the IL-8 gene. Genetic experiments revealed that the basic region leucine zipper proteins c-Jun and ATF2 and the ternary complex factor Elk-1 are essential to couple TRPM3 channel stimulation with the IL-8 gene. Moreover, we identified extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK1/2) as signal transducer connecting TRPM3 stimulation with enhanced transcription of the IL-8 gene. Furthermore, we show that stimulation of TRPC6 (transient receptor potential canonical-6) channels with its ligand hyperforin also increased IL-8 promoter activity, involving the AP-1 binding site within the IL-8 gene, suggesting that activation of IL-8 gene transcription may be a common theme following TRP channel stimulation.

DOI: 10.1016/j.cyto.2017.09.020

Cite this paper

@article{Rubil2017StimulationOT, title={Stimulation of transient receptor potential M3 (TRPM3) channels increases interleukin-8 gene promoter activity involving AP-1 and extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase.}, author={Sandra Rubil and Andrea Lesch and Naofumi Mukaida and Gerald Thiel}, journal={Cytokine}, year={2017} }