Stimulation of monokine production by lipoteichoic acids.

@article{Bhakdi1991StimulationOM,
  title={Stimulation of monokine production by lipoteichoic acids.},
  author={Sucharit Bhakdi and Thomas Klonisch and P Nuber and Werner Fischer},
  journal={Infection and immunity},
  year={1991},
  volume={59 12},
  pages={4614-20}
}
Lipoteichoic acids (LTAs) isolated from bacterial species, including Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes A, Enterococcus faecalis, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and Listeria monocytogenes, were tested for their ability to stimulate the production of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor alpha in cultured human monocytes. LTAs from S. aureus and S. pneumoniae failed to induce monokine production when applied in the concentration range of 0.05 to 5.0 micrograms/ml… CONTINUE READING

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