Cultured porcine non-lymphoid cells, characterized by biochemical and morphological criteria, were derived from different tissues of individuals typed by serological and mixed lymphocyte culture methods for gene products of the major histocompatibility complex. These cultured cells have been used as stimulators in mixed lymphocyte-tissue cell cultures in order to investigate (1) the magnitude, kinetics and dose-dependence of lymphocyte transformation caused by tissue cells compared with that caused by lymphocytes as stimulators; (2) the relationship between the expression of serologically detected Ia-like antigens by tissue cells and their ability to cause lymphocyte transformation; (3) the genetic control of stimulation by tissue cells and by lymphocytes and (4) the expression and genetic control of lymphocyte stimulatory properties restricted to tissue cells and absent from lymphocytes. It has been shown that some but not all kinds of tissue cells can stimulate allogeneic lymphocytes strongly and that the characteristics of such stimulation are similar to those observed in mixed lymphocyte cultures. Strong stimulation by tissue cells does not always correlate with the expression of serologically detectable Ia-like antigens, but appears to be controlled by the major histocompatibility complex. There is evidence that certain tissue cells possess lymphocyte stimulatory properties not shared by lymphocytes. Preliminary data suggest that such tissue cell specific stimulation is not controlled by the major histocompatibility complex, though more detailed genetic analysis is required.