Stimulation of fatty acid biosynthesis by dietary cholesterol and of cholesterol synthesis by dietary fatty acid.

Abstract

We reported previously that dietary cholesterol produces hypertriglyceridemia in the rat, accompanied by reduced oxidation and increased incorporation of exogenous fatty acid into hepatic triglyceride and increased secretion of very low density lipoprotein. We now report that dietary cholesterol also increases net hepatic fatty acid synthesis and the incorporation of newly synthesized fatty acid into hepatic triglyceride in vivo. Male rats were fed a cholesterol-free, semisynthetic diet (5% [w/w] corn oil) for 7 days, or the same diet supplemented with 0.5% cholesterol. On the day of the experiments, fed animals received 5 mCi 3H2O intraperitoneally (i.p.) either at 1200 h (6 h into the light cycle) or at 2400 h (6 h into the dark cycle). Animals were killed 1 h after receiving the radioisotope. Feeding cholesterol increased hepatic triglyceride and cholesteryl ester concentrations, moderately elevated the content of free cholesterol, but did not affect phospholipid levels. Increased net synthesis of fatty acids by livers of animals receiving cholesterol was observed during the dark period; a similar increase during the light period was also observed for incorporation of newly synthesized fatty acid into hepatic phospholipid and cholesteryl ester, although incorporation into triglyceride was of borderline significance (P < 0.06). In other experiments male rats were fed similar diets for 3, 7, or 21 days. Fed animals received 10 mCi 3H2O, i.p. (900-1000 h), and were killed 24 h later. Duration of feeding did not influence rates of net fatty acid synthesis or the stimulation by cholesterol of incorporation of newly synthesized fatty acid into hepatic triglyceride and cholesteryl ester.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Statistics

0100200300'98'00'02'04'06'08'10'12'14'16
Citations per Year

620 Citations

Semantic Scholar estimates that this publication has 620 citations based on the available data.

See our FAQ for additional information.

Cite this paper

@article{Fungwe1994StimulationOF, title={Stimulation of fatty acid biosynthesis by dietary cholesterol and of cholesterol synthesis by dietary fatty acid.}, author={T V Fungwe and John Fox and Lauren M Cagen and Henry G. Wilcox and Murray Heimberg}, journal={Journal of lipid research}, year={1994}, volume={35 2}, pages={311-8} }