Stimulation of brain steroidogenesis by 2-aryl-indole-3-acetamide derivatives acting at the mitochondrial diazepam-binding inhibitor receptor complex.

Abstract

The 2-aryl-indole-3-acetamide derivatives, 2-hexyl-indole-3-acetamide (FGIN-1-27) and 2-hexyl-indole-3-acetamide-N-benzene-tricarboxylic acid (FGIN-1-44) displaced [3H]1-(2-chlorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-(1- methylpropyl)-3-isoquinoline-carboxamide([3H]PK 11195) and [3H]4-chlorodiazepam ([3H]4'CD) from binding sites located on the rat brain mitochondrial DBI receptor complex (MDRC) with Ki values in the nanomolar range. Both 2-aryl-indole-3-acetamide derivatives acted as agonists at the MDRC and thereby stimulated the rate of pregnenolone synthesis in isolated rat brain mitochondria; this effect was inhibited by PK 11195, an MDRC ligand that does not possess steroidogenic activity. FGIN-1-27 and FGIN-1-44 failed to bind to other transmitter receptors, including gamma-aminobutyric-A receptors. When administered orally to rats, both FGIN-1-27 and FGIN-1-44 reduced fear of novelty in the elevated plus maze test. This action was prevented by PK 11195, but not by flumazenil. FGIN-1-44, which was rapidly converted to FGIN-1-27 in the rat brain, was 3 to 4 times more potent than FGIN-1-27 in reducing fear of novelty because of its greater bioavailability. FGIN-1-27 increased the brain pregnenolone content in adrenalectomized-castrated rats pretreated with trilostane (in order to prevent metabolism of pregnenolone to progesterone). This increase was blocked by pretreatment with PK 11195. Although FGIN-1-27 and FGIN-1-44 increased the corticosterone concentration in adrenal glands and plasma of hypophysectomized rats in a PK 11195-sensitive manner, both drugs failed to increase adrenal steroidogenesis in sham-operated rats.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Romeo1993StimulationOB, title={Stimulation of brain steroidogenesis by 2-aryl-indole-3-acetamide derivatives acting at the mitochondrial diazepam-binding inhibitor receptor complex.}, author={Elena Romeo and Sl . Cavallaro and A Y Korneyev and Alan P. Kozikowski and D Ma and Alma Polo and Erminio Costa and Alessandro Guidotti}, journal={The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics}, year={1993}, volume={267 1}, pages={462-71} }