Stigmatization of People With Pedophilia: A Blind Spot in Stigma Research

@article{Jahnke2013StigmatizationOP,
  title={Stigmatization of People With Pedophilia: A Blind Spot in Stigma Research},
  author={Sara A Jahnke and Juergen Hoyer},
  journal={International Journal of Sexual Health},
  year={2013},
  volume={25},
  pages={169 - 184}
}
  • S. Jahnke, J. Hoyer
  • Published 23 April 2013
  • Psychology
  • International Journal of Sexual Health
ABSTRACT. Stigmatization restricts people's opportunities in life and has severe consequences on mental health and psychological well-being. This article focuses on stigmatization research on pedophilia. Based on an extensive literature search, it reviews studies that have empirically determined lay theories, stereotypes, prejudices, and discrimination against people with pedophilia, as well as the effect of stigma on this group. The review reveals a scarcity of empirical studies on the subject… 
Stigmatization of People with Pedophilia: Two Comparative Surveys
TLDR
Results strongly indicate that people with pedophilia are a stigmatized group who risk being the target of fierce discrimination and affected by affective reactions to this group and the political attitude of right-wing authoritarianism.
Humanizing Pedophilia as Stigma Reduction: A Large-Scale Intervention Study
TLDR
It is found that narratives had consistently positive effects on all measured aspects of stigmatization (dangerousness, intentionality), whereas an informative alternative had mixed results, and actually increased perceptions of pedophiles' levels of deviance.
Reducing Stigma and Punitive Attitudes Toward Pedophiles Through Narrative Humanization
TLDR
This study compared two attitudinal interventions (first-person narrative vs. expert opinion) using a student sample and found that only the narrative intervention would lead to reductions in stigmatization and punitive attitudes about pedophiles at the implicit level.
Stigma-Related Stress and Its Correlates Among Men with Pedophilic Sexual Interests
TLDR
A framework is presented that outlines how stigma-related stress might negatively affect emotional and social areas of functioning, cognitive distortions, and the motivation to pursue therapy, all of which may contribute to an increased risk of sexual offending.
Media Coverage of Pedophilia: Benefits and Risks from Healthcare Practitioners’ Point of View
TLDR
To destigmatize pedophilia and benefit the prevention of child sexual abuse, a fact box for journalists was developed based on practitioners’ expert knowledge.
Social and Professional Attitudes in the Prevention of Sexual Abuse
The stigmatisation of people with paedophilic sexual interests is a widespread societal issue. However, only a small number of researchers have empirically examined the sources, nature, and effects
Meeting a person with pedophilia: Attitudes towards pedophilia among psychology students: A pilot study
People with pedophilia (PWP) are highly stigmatized. Public opinion is strongly pre-consolidated – it is often assumed that every PWP commits child sex offenses. This presumption not only affects PWP
Changing public attitudes toward minor attracted persons: an evaluation of an anti-stigma intervention
ABSTRACT Child sexual abuse is a prevalent problem within our communities, yet policies that address it are mostly responsive rather than preventive. Given its impact on victims, it is important to
Punitive Attitudes Against Pedophiles or Persons With Sexual Interest in Children: Does the Label Matter?
  • R. Imhoff
  • Psychology
    Archives of sexual behavior
  • 2015
TLDR
Unlike any other stigma the authors know of, punitive attitudes against pedophiles were associated positively with social desirability, suggesting that participants saw it as particularly socially desirable to condemn someone based on their deviant sexual interest.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 114 REFERENCES
[The stigma of mental illness: concepts, forms, and consequences].
TLDR
Stigma is of central importance to persons with mental illness, both to how they experience their illness and its consequences and whether they use available health services, and well-designed anti-stigma initiatives will help to diminish the impact of mental illness stigma.
Changing mental illness stigma as it exists in the real world
TLDR
This review seeks to clarify mental illness stigma and discuss methods for changing stigma in the real world through three different areas where anti-stigma efforts have been focused: disclosure, children, and patient-based programs.
Stigma and mental illness: A review and critique
Research on the extent and nature of psychiatric stigma is reviewed, with a goal of offering insights useful to the practising clinician. Many findings support the view that a label of psychiatric
DSM-V and the stigma of mental illness
TLDR
How a clinical diagnosis may exacerbate these forms of stigma through socio-cognitive processes of groupness, homogeneity, and stability is illustrated.
The Stigma of Obesity: A Review and Update
TLDR
This review expands upon previous findings of weight bias in major domains of living, documents new areas where weight bias has been studied, and highlights ongoing research questions that need to be addressed to advance this field of study.
Prejudice, social stress, and mental health in lesbian, gay, and bisexual populations: conceptual issues and research evidence.
  • I. Meyer
  • Psychology
    Psychological bulletin
  • 2003
TLDR
It is shown that LGBs have a higher prevalence of mental disorders than heterosexuals and a conceptual framework is offered for understanding this excess in prevalence of disorder in terms of minority stress--explaining that stigma, prejudice, and discrimination create a hostile and stressful social environment that causes mental health problems.
The Paradox of Self-Stigma and Mental Illness
Published narratives by persons with serious mental illness eloquently describe the harmful effects of stigma on self-esteem and self-efficacy. However, a more careful review of the research
Pedophilia and Sexual Offending Against Children: Theory, Assessment, and Intervention
Contrary to popular belief, not all sex offenders who target children are pedophiles, and not all pedophiles commit sexual offenses. But what is unequivocal is that pedophilia, which is defined as a
A profile of pedophilia: definition, characteristics of offenders, recidivism, treatment outcomes, and forensic issues.
TLDR
This article addresses research that defines the various types and categories of pedophilia, reviews available federal data on child molestation and pornography, and briefly discusses the theories on what makes an individual develop a sexual orientation toward children.
Dimensions of Mental Illness Stigma: What About Mental Illness Causes Social Rejection?
Abstract The stigma of mental illness can be as harmful as the symptoms, leading to family discord, job discrimination, and social rejection. The existence of mental illness stigma has been well
...
...