Sticks and Stones: Naming and Shaming the Human Rights Enforcement Problem

  title={Sticks and Stones: Naming and Shaming the Human Rights Enforcement Problem},
  author={Emilie Marie Hafner-Burton},
  journal={International Organization},
  pages={689 - 716}
  • E. Hafner-Burton
  • Published 1 September 2008
  • Political Science
  • International Organization
“Naming and shaming” is a popular strategy to enforce international human rights norms and laws. Nongovernmental organizations, news media, and international organizations publicize countries' violations and urge reform. Evidence that these spotlights are followed by improvements is anecdotal. This article analyzes the relationship between global naming and shaming efforts and governments' human rights practices for 145 countries from 1975 to 2000. The statistics show that governments put in… 
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