Sticks, Stones, and Molotov Cocktails: Unarmed Collective Violence and Democratization

@article{Kadivar2018SticksSA,
  title={Sticks, Stones, and Molotov Cocktails: Unarmed Collective Violence and Democratization},
  author={Mohammad Ali Kadivar and Neil Frith Ketchley},
  journal={Socius},
  year={2018},
  volume={4}
}
The literature on civil resistance finds that nonviolent campaigns are more likely to succeed than violent insurgencies. A parallel literature on democratization poses mass mobilization as exogenous to political liberalization. Contributing to both literatures, we propose the category of unarmed collective violence to capture an empirically recurring form of unruly collective action used by civilians and then use a mixed methods research design to examine its impact on democratization. An event… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

Debunking the Myths Behind Nonviolent Civil Resistance
Scholars argue that nonviolence is likelier to cause political change in comparison to other strategies, including violence. This study identifies issues throughout this literature ranging fromExpand
Reinforcing Criticisms of Civil Resistance: A Response to Onken, Shemia-Goeke, and Martin
  • A. Anisin
  • Political Science
  • Critical Sociology
  • 2021
This article reinforces the criticisms I cast on civil resistance literature in my study “Debunking the Myths Behind Nonviolent Civil Resistance” through addressing issues on how scholars codeExpand
Molotov Cocktails to Mass Marches: Strategic Nonviolence, Symbolic Violence, and the Mobilizing Effect of Riots
What effects do violent protests have on social movement mobilizations? In recent decades, the field of nonviolence studies has popularized a strategic nonviolence framework to understand activistExpand
Unpopular Protest: Mass Mobilization and Attitudes to Democracy in Post-Mubarak Egypt
Political science has long debated the significance of protest during a democratic transition, but attention has been largely confined to its impact on elite support for democracy. Contributing toExpand
Better the Devil You Know? How Fringe Terrorism Can Induce an Advantage for Moderate Nonviolent Campaigns
ABSTRACT Fringe terrorism is common during nonviolent campaigns. We examine how this can modify the strategic environment between dissident groups and the state in ways that present both challengesExpand
Protest Demobilization In Post-Revolutionary Settings: Trajectories To Counter-Revolution And To Democratic Transition
This article examines two outcomes of demobilization in post-revolutionary contexts, democratic transition and counter-revolution. Complementing elite-driven approaches, we argue that the wayExpand
Anatomies of Revolution
Recent years have seen renewed interest in the study of revolution. Spurred by events like the 2011 uprisings in North Africa and the Middle East, the rise of Islamic State, and the emergence ofExpand
Did India’s demonetization policy curb stone-pelting in Indian-administered Kashmir
On 9 November 2016, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced his ‘demonetization’ policy which rendered all Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 notes null and void. His government claimed that this policy, ...
Das Ende des „Arabischen Frühlings“ der Bewegungsforschung
Mit den Massenprotesten von 2011 rückte der arabische Raum endlich auch in den Fokus der Bewegungsforschung. Angesichts der flächendeckenden Abwesenheit des Phänomens „neuer sozialer Bewegungen“ imExpand
Revolutions in the Contemporary World

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
Fresh carnations or all thorn, no rose? Nonviolent campaigns and transitions in autocracies
Whereas optimists see the so-called Arab Spring as similar to the revolutions of 1989, and likely to bring about democratic rule, skeptics fear that protest bringing down dictators may simply giveExpand
Explaining Divergent Revolutionary Coalitions: Regime Strategies and the Structuring of Participation in the Tunisian and Egyptian Revolutions
The revolutions that swept through the Arab world in 2010–11 were massive political upheavals in which millions of citizens took to the streets against their respective regimes. In a matter of weeks,Expand
Democratization and civil war: Empirical evidence
The hypothesis that democratization triggers political violence has been proposed repeatedly in the quantitative literature, but it remains controversial with respect to both interstate and civilExpand
Throwing stones in social science: Non-violence, unarmed violence, and the first intifada
Social scientists treat stone-throwing as a non-violent act or argue that protest movements may be primarily non-violent despite stone-throwing. However, this study of an iconic example, the firstExpand
Mutiny and nonviolence in the Arab Spring
Recent studies of civil resistance indicate that security force defections can heavily influence the outcome of nonviolent uprisings against authoritarian regimes. Yet we know little about why, when,Expand
Egypt in a Time of Revolution: Contentious Politics and the Arab Spring
This book considers the diverse forms of mass mobilization and contentious politics that emerged during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 and its aftermath. Drawing on a catalogue of more than 8,000Expand
Portents of Pluralism: How Hybrid Regimes Affect Democratic Transitions
The original studies of “competitive authoritarianism” and “hegemonic authoritarianism” inspected the occurrence of hybrid regimes during the 1990s but stopped short of testing their propensity forExpand
We ought to be here: Historicizing space and mobilization in Tahrir Square
This article explores the role of space in social movements, through an examination of the case of Tahrir Square in the Egyptian revolution of 2011. The author argues that the pre-existing,Expand
The role of non-violent action in the downfall of apartheid
Against enormous odds, non-violent action proved to be a major factor in the downfall of apartheid in South Africa, and the establishment of a democratic black majority government, despiteExpand
“A Very Orderly Retreat”: Democratic Transition in East Germany, 1989–90
East Germany's 1989–90 democratisation is among the best known of East European transitions, but does not lend itself to comparative analysis, due to the singular way in which political reform andExpand
...
1
2
3
...