Sticking a Needle into Science: The Case of Polio Vaccines and the Origin of AIDS

  title={Sticking a Needle into Science: The Case of Polio Vaccines and the Origin of AIDS},
  author={Brian Martin},
  journal={Social Studies of Science},
  pages={245 - 276}
  • B. Martin
  • Published 1 May 1996
  • Sociology
  • Social Studies of Science
The author became involved with the theory that AIDS originated from contaminated polio vaccines by arranging for publication of a key paper, by interacting with prominent partisans and by writing articles himself. These experiences suggest some of the advantages and disadvantages of partisan intervention in the scientific reception system by a social analyst. Open partisanship should be added to the repertoire of social analysts of science. 
The Politics of a Scientific Meeting: The Origin-of-AIDS Debate at the Royal Society
  • B. Martin
  • Medicine, Sociology
  • Politics and the Life Sciences
  • 2001
Several dimensions of the politics of science are revealed by analysis of this issue, including the power of scientific editors, the use of the mass media, decisions regarding selection of speakers and organization of the meeting, and epistemological assumptions made by participants. Expand
Retraction of scientific papers: the case of vaccine research
The controversy over vaccines, which has recently intensified following the COVID-19 pandemic, provokes heated debates, with both advocates and opponents raising allegations of bias and fraud in re...
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From 1981, when the condition was ® rst recognized in American gays, to the present, the origin of the epidemic, the pandemic, has always intrigued people. From molecular biologist to taxi driver,Expand
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Supporters of dominant scientific theories sometimes attack competing, less favoured theories in ways that conflict with expectations of proper scientific behaviour, for example by using doubleExpand
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This dissertation examines the rhetorical dynamics of South African AIDS policy under President Thabo Mbeki. From 1999-2004, Mbeki bucked global consensus surrounding the etiology and treatment ofExpand
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Abstract Homœopathy, once an accepted form of medicine, is currently under attack in Australia, so much so that its very existence is threatened. To illustrate techniques of marginalisation ofExpand
To immunize or not to immunize, that is the question! An investigation into the reasons behind parents' decisions in immunizing their children against whooping cough in Western Australia
For the target group of parents interviewed, the most important influences on their decisions to immunize their children were their family tradition, and the Federal government's incentive for new parents to encourage them to fully immunizing their newborn children. Expand
Deliberating International Science Policy Controversies: Uncertainty and AIDS in South Africa
International science policy controversies involve disputes over cultural differences in the assessment of knowledge claims and competing visions of the policy-making process between differentExpand


The Origin of AIDS
  • J. Smith
  • History, Medicine
  • Bristol medico-chirurgical journal
  • 1987
The Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome is a frightening new disease entity which has sprung, in five years, from obscurity to a major worldwide epidemic with a ^HO estimate of 35000 cases worldwide,Expand
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According to both traditional positivist approaches and also to the sociology of scientific knowledge, social analysts should not themselves become involved in the controversies they areExpand
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The fundamental purpose of peer review in the biomedical sciences must be consistent with that of medicine itself, to cure sometimes, to relieve often, to comfort always. Expand
The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of DNA
This is a reissue of the classic account of the discovery of the structure of DNA, where James D. Watson tells of the excitement of being a young American scientist in Cambridge and how he saw the challenge of a great discovery waiting to be made. Expand
Repetition Strain Injury in Australia: Medical Knowledge, Social Movement, and De Facto Partisanship*
One of the most vehement debates over medical knowledge in Australia in the 1980s concerned "repetition strain injury" or RSI. This paper analyzes the Australian RSI experience using two contrastingExpand
In Praise of Futile Gestures: How Scientific is the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge?
Calls for sociologists of knowledge to be committed to their subjects are examined critically. The idea of `commitment to commitment' is shown to be based either on fallacious reasoning or on aExpand
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The first edition of this book profoundly challenged and divided students of philosophy, sociology, and the history of science when it was published in 1976. In this second edition, Bloor responds inExpand
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Tom Schuller takes as a starting point his belief that there should be a more equitable distribution of power between management and work-force. He reviews the variety of conceptual approaches toExpand
Participatory Action Research
Introduction - William Foote Whyte PAR IN INDUSTRY Participatory Action Research - William Foote Whyte, Davydd J Greenwood and Peter Lazes Through Practice to Science in Social Research ParticipatoryExpand