Steroid 5alpha-reductases and 3alpha-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases: key enzymes in androgen metabolism.


Androgen action in mammals can be regulated at the pre-receptor level by the intracellular formation and degradation of potent androgens, such as 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (5alpha-DHT). In androgen target tissues (e.g. prostate), 5alpha-DHT is formed from circulating testosterone by the action of the type 2 steroid 5alpha-reductase (5alpha-R) and its… (More)