Sterically crowded azulene-based dication salts as novel guests: synthesis and complexation studies with crown ethers and calixarenes in solution and in the gas phase.


The 1,4-bis(3-guaiazulenylmethylium)benzene and 1,4-bis[1-(4,6,8-trimethylazulenylmethylium)]benzene dication salts were synthesized via an acid-catalyzed condensation/dehydration protocol with guaiazulene-terephthalaldehyde (2 : 1 ratio), and 4,6,8-trimethylazulene-terephthalaldehyde (2 : 1 ratio) respectively in one-pot processes. A similar condensation… (More)