Stereotypies: a critical review

  title={Stereotypies: a critical review},
  author={Georgia J. Mason},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  • G. Mason
  • Published 1 June 1991
  • Psychology
  • Animal Behaviour

Stereotypies and suffering

  • G. Mason
  • Psychology
    Behavioural Processes
  • 1991

Evidence for the role of personality in stereotypy predisposition

Understanding equine stereotypies.

  • C. Nicol
  • Psychology
    Equine veterinary journal. Supplement
  • 1999
Neither direct nor circumstantial evidence confirms anecdotal reports that horses copy stereotypies from each other, but experimental data suggest that oral stereotypies develop in response to a low forage diet but this may be partially adaptative.

Stereotypies and behavioural medicine: confusions in current thinking.

  • M. Low
  • Psychology
    Australian veterinary journal
  • 2003
The idea that much of the confusion surrounding stereotypies is created by attempts to oversimplify a complex phenomenon is presented.

Evidence for a relationship between cage stereotypies and behavioural disinhibition in laboratory rodents

Stereotypic behaviour in captive animals: fundamentals and implications for welfare and beyond.

It is argued that environments that induce stereotypic behaviour typically also reduce animal welfare, and that at the individual level, ‘coping’, and the 'scar-like’ effects of routineformation and early experience, may eliminate close correspondence between the behaviour and underlying stress and frustration.

Pacing stereotypies in laboratory rhesus macaques: Implications for animal welfare and the validity of neuroscientific findings

Stereotypies in caged parrots, schizophrenia and autism: evidence for a common mechanism

Rituals, stereotypy and compulsive behavior in animals and humans




Stereotypies as Animal Welfare Indicators

Stereotyped movements form part of the normal behavioural repertoire of animals but a definition for welfare purposes is: a stereotypy is a relatively invariate sequence of movements occurring so

Behavioral, physiological and functional aspects of stereotyped behavior: a review and a re-interpretation.

  • R. Dantzer
  • Psychology, Biology
    Journal of animal science
  • 1986
It is proposed that stereotyped activities gain strength because of the positive feedback effect of sensory stimulation on their underlying control systems, which leads to a progressive sensitization of these neural systems.

Stereotypy in monkeys and humans

If stereotypy is regarded as a consequence of failure to use sensory input to direct behaviour, therapeutic regimes designed to stimulate responsive behaviours and social interactions are more likely to be effective in the long run than direct attempts to suppress stereotypy.

Effects of environmental complexity on stereotyped behaviours of children

Studies of stereotypy function in the canary (Serinus canarius)

Causal factors of stereotypies in caged birds

Displacement Activities and Arousal

None of the theories on displacement activities gives cogent reasons why particular behaviour patterns should be more common than others as displacement activities, apart from stating that the causal agents which usually elicit them in non-displacement situations can also be presumed to be present, if only weakly, in the displacement context.

Stereotyped behavior of the infant chimpanzee.

Evidence will be presented to show that stereotypy is related to rearing variables, developmental status, the immediate stimulus situation, and to various forms of stereotypy in mentally defective, 1 blind, 1 and psychotic 15 humans.

Stereotyped Behavior and Cage Size

This experiment was designed to study changes in rhesus monkey activity that accompany systematic variation of cage size and found that changes in the physical dimensions of the spatial environment can be accompanied by a marked change in the form of behavior.