Stereotypes and prejudice: Their automatic and controlled components.

@article{Devine1989StereotypesAP,
  title={Stereotypes and prejudice: Their automatic and controlled components.},
  author={Patricia G. Devine},
  journal={Journal of Personality and Social Psychology},
  year={1989},
  volume={56},
  pages={5-18}
}
  • P. Devine
  • Published 1989
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
University of Wisconsin--Madis on Three studies tested basic assumptions derived from a theoretical model based on the dissociation ofantomatic and controlled processes involved in prejudice. Study I supported the model's assumption that high- and low-prejudice persons are equally knowledgeable of the cultural stereotype. The model suggests that the stereotype is automatically activated in the presence of a member (or some symbolic equivalent) of the stereotyped group and that Iow-prejudiee… 

Tables from this paper

Category and stereotype activation: Is prejudice inevitable?

Three experiments tested the hypothesis that people high and low in prejudice respond similarly to direct stereotype activation but differently to category activation. Study 1 (N=40) showed that

Racial Prejudice and Stereotype Activation

The main goal of the present study was to investigate the interrelationships among preudice and the endorsement and activation of cultural stereotypes. The endorsement of stereotypes was examined

Prejudice and stereotype maintenance processes: attention, attribution, and individuation.

TLDR
Results suggest that high-prejudice people attend carefully to inconsistent behaviors to explain them away but only if they have sufficient resources to do so and that high levels of prejudice appear to be associated with biased encoding and judgment processes that serve to maintain stereotypes.

When internalization leads to automatization: The role of self-determination in automatic stereotype suppression and implicit prejudice regulation

Recent evidence suggests that self-determined prejudice regulation is negatively related to both self-reported prejudice and automatic racial bias. However, the social-cognitive processes involved in

Automatic and Controlled Processes in Stereotype Priming

The experiments in this article were conducted to observe the automatic activation of gender stereo- types and to assess theoretically specified conditions under which such stereotype priming may be

Nonconscious Behavioral Confirmation Processes: The Self-Fulfilling Consequences of Automatic Stereotype Activation

It is now well-established that stereotypes can become activated unintentionally and outside of awareness by the presence of the relevant group features. There is also a long tradition of theory and

Automatic and Controlled Components of Prejudice Toward Fat People: Evaluation Versus Stereotype Activation

This study investigated automatic and controlled components of anti-fat attitudes, the relationship between these components, and the extent to which each component predicts prejudicial behavior.

GROUP REPRESENTATIONS : STEREOTYPE ENDORSEMENT AND STEREOTYPE ACTIVATION

Two experiments investigated automatic stereotype activation and its correction. In Experiment 1 (n = 57) the category “Blacks”was primed using a lexical decision task. People high and low in

A Theory of Reliance on Individuating Information and Stereotypes in Implicit Judgments of Individuals and Social Groups

We propose a theory of (a) reliance on stereotypes and individuating information in implicit person perception and (b) the relationship between individuation in implicit person perception and shifts
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 94 REFERENCES

Stereotype Traits can be Processed Automatically.

Abstract : Stereotypes can theoretically influence information processing in two different ways: through passive activation of stereotype-related trait concepts in a network memory structure, or

Racial Stereotypes: Measurement Variables and the Stereotype-Attitude Relationship

The widely used paradigm developed by Katz and Braly (1933) for the assessment of “stereotypes” has been criticized because of the ambiguity of the subject's task. In the present study, 2 alternate

Automatic information processing and social perception: The influence of trait information presented outside of conscious awareness on impression formation.

The accessibility of a category in memory has been shown to influence the selection and interpretation of social information. The present experiment examined the possibility that information relevant

Prejudice, categorization and particularization: from a perceptual to a rhetorical approach

This paper seeks to offer an alternative approach to the study of prejudice than that based upon the notion of categorization which is currently influential in cognitive social psychology. It is

The Subtlety of White Racism.

Abstract : A series of experiments examined the anti-black attitudes of whites so as to test a proposed, subtle, indirect attitudinal process by which blacks and other minorities may be victimized

Racial and behavioral cues in black and white children's perceptions of ambiguously aggressive acts.

To explore the way in which the interpretation of ambiguous social behavior can be influenced by racial stereotypes and cultural differences, 40 black and 40 white 6th-grade males were shown a

Racial and Behavioral Cues in Black and White Children's Perceptions of Ambiguously Aggressive Acts

To explore the way in which the interpretation of ambiguous social behavior can be influenced by racial stereotypes and cultural differences, 40 black and 40 white 6th-grade males were shown a

Verbal Attitudes and Overt Behavior: A Study of Racial Discrimination

The present study in attempting to measure the relationship between racial attitudes and overt behavior asked Ss to pose for a photograph with a Negro of the opposite sex. Discrepancies between
...