Stereotypes and Stigma: What's Changed for Welfare Mothers

  title={Stereotypes and Stigma: What's Changed for Welfare Mothers},
  author={L. V. Davis and J. L. Hagen},
  pages={319 - 337}
In the debate on welfare reform, stereotypes of women on welfare have resurfaced, and most proposals for reform are designed to modify and regulate women's behaviors. This article, based on information obtained in focus groups of recipients of Aid to Families with Dependent Children, examines how women manage the stigma of being welfare mothers and what they think about "cheating" the system. The most striking difference between recipients of the 1990s and of the 1960s is the belief of current… Expand
Normative Versus Felt Needs of Women in the Era of Welfare Reform
There has long existed a conflict over the role and needs of poor women and children in the field of social welfare. The balance between what clients want and think they need and what policy makersExpand
Welfare Reform, Personal Narratives and the Media: How Welfare Recipients and Journalists Frame the Welfare Debate
ABSTRACT As TANF comes up for reauthorization in 2002, stereotypes of welfare recipients must be challenged so that public animosity can be transformed into public support. This article exploresExpand
‘In a bind’: Foster mothers' experiences with welfare reform
The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 has diminished government support to single mothers and further limits the options for full-time parenting, placingExpand
Reforming Poor Women: The Cultural Politics and Practices of Welfare Reform
This article employs participant observation and interviewing at a community-based job readiness program operating under welfare reform to explore how attempts at cultural retraining (that is,Expand
Pride, Prejudice, and a Dose of Shame: The Meaning of Public Assistance
Little is known about women’s retrospective views on the receipt of public assistance, including their relationships with their caseworkers. This article examines the findings of 20 in-depthExpand
Mothers First, Not Work First
This article builds on current research on welfare reform examining the perspectives of welfare recipients as they experience the policy enacted at the street level. The study aims to provide moreExpand
Stigma as a Communication Barrier for Participation in the Federal Government's Women, Infants, and Children Program
This study investigated the role of stigma as a barrier to participation in the federal Women, Infant, and Children (WIC) program, Despite the relative success of the WIC program, participation amongExpand
"Welfare Mothers" Welcome Reform, Urge Compassion
"Welfare Mothers" Welcome Reform, Urge Compassion* The welfare system in the United States has undergone enormous restructuring. Previous research suggests that welfare recipients were highlyExpand
The Journey From Welfare to Work: Learning From Women Living in Poverty
This multiphase study was designed to gain a qualitative understanding of the experiences of single-mother welfare recipients and the effect of welfare reforms on recipients’ perceived ability toExpand
The Challenge of Self-sufficiency
Drawing on interviews conducted with fifty-one single mothers in a rural state, this article explores how women who rely on state assistance sustain a belief in their own self-worth. The articleExpand


The Psychological Impact of Being on Welfare
One hundred black single mothers on AFDC were interviewed regarding their explanations for and responses to being on welfare. Most believed they were on welfare for temporary, uncontrollable reasons.Expand
Welfare: Views from the Bottom
Using data from a random sample of 149 Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) recipients in Chicago, this paper explores what recipients think about their experiences with welfare programsExpand
Welfare and the “Reform” of Women
Low-income women and the welfare system are under attack by liberals and conservatives, academicians and politicians. “Welfare reform” proposals include cutting benefits unless women pay rent, bearExpand
Welfare from Below: Recipients' Views of the Public Welfare System
T F SE ARE NOT THE WORDS of an irate taxpayer or public official concerned about the rising costs of public welfare programs. On the contrary, this statement was made by a poorly educated welfareExpand
AFDC Mothers View the Work Incentive Program
Although they felt some pressure to participate, most of the AFDC mothers studied viewed the Work Incentive Program as an opportunity for self-advancement. Consistent with the findings of otherExpand
Living on the Edge: The Realities of Welfare in America
  • M. Rank
  • Political Science, Economics
  • 1994
This acclaimed book powerfully depicts a side of the welfare experience rarely seen, dispelling the myth that only an urban underclass-the center of most policy debate-struggles on welfare. Rank'sExpand
Welfare Realities: From Rhetoric to Reform
Preface * The Context for Welfare Reform Thomas J. Kane and Mary Jo Bane * Understanding Welfare Dynamics David T. Ellwood and Mary Jo Bane * Understanding Dependency David T. Ellwood * IncreasingExpand