Stereotype threat can both enhance and impair older adults' memory.

@article{Barber2013StereotypeTC,
  title={Stereotype threat can both enhance and impair older adults' memory.},
  author={Sarah J. Barber and Mara Mather},
  journal={Psychological science},
  year={2013},
  volume={24 12},
  pages={2522-9}
}
Negative stereotypes about aging can impair older adults' memory via stereotype threat; however, the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are unclear. In two experiments, we tested competing predictions derived from two theoretical accounts of stereotype threat: executive-control interference and regulatory fit. Older adults completed a working memory test either under stereotype threat about age-related memory declines or not under such threat. Monetary incentives were manipulated such that… CONTINUE READING
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