Stereotype threat and working memory: mechanisms, alleviation, and spillover.

  title={Stereotype threat and working memory: mechanisms, alleviation, and spillover.},
  author={S. Beilock and Robert J. Rydell and A. McConnell},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. General},
  volume={136 2},
  • S. Beilock, Robert J. Rydell, A. McConnell
  • Published 2007
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Journal of experimental psychology. General
  • Stereotype threat (ST) occurs when the awareness of a negative stereotype about a social group in a particular domain produces suboptimal performance by members of that group. Although ST has been repeatedly demonstrated, far less is known about how its effects are realized. Using mathematical problem solving as a test bed, the authors demonstrate in 5 experiments that ST harms math problems that rely heavily on working memory resources--especially phonological aspects of this system. Moreover… CONTINUE READING
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