Stereotype Threat and Women's Math Performance

@article{Spencer1999StereotypeTA,
  title={Stereotype Threat and Women's Math Performance},
  author={S. Spencer and C. Steele and D. Quinn},
  journal={Journal of Experimental Social Psychology},
  year={1999},
  volume={35},
  pages={4-28}
}
Abstract When women perform math, unlike men, they risk being judged by the negative stereotype that women have weaker math ability. We call this predicament stereotype threat and hypothesize that the apprehension it causes may disrupt women's math performance. In Study 1 we demonstrated that the pattern observed in the literature that women underperform on difficult (but not easy) math tests was observed among a highly selected sample of men and women. In Study 2 we demonstrated that this… Expand
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