Stepwise reduction of functional spinal structures increase disc bulge and surface strains.


Previous studies postulated that an axial compression of lumbar intervertebral discs causes a complex strain pattern on the annulus. This pattern is not fully understood, since most studies measured only the uniaxial ultimate tensile strain of the annulus. The aim of this study was to investigate surface strains and their relation to disc bulging. This work… (More)
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2008.03.023


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