Steps towards sustainable harvest of Ophiocordyceps sinensis in Bhutan

  title={Steps towards sustainable harvest of Ophiocordyceps sinensis in Bhutan},
  author={Paul F. Cannon and Nigel L. Hywel-Jones and Norbert Maczey and Lungten Norbu and Tshitila and Tashi Samdup and Phurba Lhendup},
  journal={Biodiversity and Conservation},
The insect-pathogenic fungus Ophiocordyceps sinensis (better known as Cordyceps sinensis) is harvested over much of the Himalayan plateau as a highly prized remedy in traditional Oriental medicine. Over the past 10 years its financial value has increased dramatically, with collectors paid as much as US $12,500 kg−1 for top-quality material. This is causing significant distortion to local economies, and there is widespread concern that the current rate of collection is unsustainable. This paper… 

Steps towards Sustainable Harvest of Yartsa Gunbu (Caterpillar Fungus, Ophiocordyceps sinensis)

Summary Caterpillar fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) is an insect-parasitizing fungus endemic to the Tibetan Plateau and the Himalayas. It has become the most important source of cash income in wide

A review of Chinese Cordyceps with special reference to Nepal, focusing on conservation

Molecular analyses and the development of microsatellite markers would allow for the authentication of this medicinal fungus, differentiating it from several closely related Cordyceps species, thus preventing falsification and discouraging illicit trade and the marketing of available counterfeits.

Caterpillar Fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) Production and Sustainability on the Tibetan Plateau and in the Himalayas

This paper analyses available production data and estimates the total annual production of caterpillar fungus in the range of 85 to 185 tons for all production areas, most promising from a socio-economic, administrative and also mycological perspective is the establishment of an end date of the collection season, which might allow for sufficient spore dispersal to guarantee sustainability.

Development of Ophiocordyceps sinensis through Plant-Mediated Interkingdom Host Colonization

The distribution of O. sinensis was determined in different tissues of the Thitarodes larvae and the dominant plant species using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) technique, respectively and found that more fungal material was located in plants than in larvae, especially in Ranunculus tanguticus.

Distribution, Harvesting, and Trade of Yartsa Gunbu (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) in the Sikkim Himalaya, India

Cordyceps has significantly improved the socioeconomic status of the mountain people in the Sikkim Himalaya, India, but an upsurge in demand and its price has resulted in overexploitation and

Chasing Chinese Caterpillar Fungus (Ophiocordyceps sinensis) Harvesters in the Himalayas: Harvesting Practice and Its Conservation Implications in Western Nepal

The Chinese caterpillar fungus is famous for its high market value, unusual life history, and significant medicinal uses. It is harvested by very poor communities and sold for an extraordinarily high

Collecting Ophiocordyceps sinensis: an emerging livelihood strategy in the Garhwal, Indian Himalaya

In the Garhwal of Uttarakhand, India, the Bhotiya, an ethnically and culturally distinct tribal group, were historically engaged in seasonal migration (i.e. transhumance) to take advantage of scarce

Habitat Ecology of Ophiocordyceps sinensis in Western Nepal

The abundance of the fungus was significantly affected by vegetation composition, whereas the individual fungal traits were independent of soil nutrients or vegetation composition and it is essential to protect associated plant species to better conserve caterpillar fungus at high elevations.

The demise of caterpillar fungus in the Himalayan region due to climate change and overharvesting

Caterpillar fungus populations have been negatively affected by a combination of overexploitation and climate change, and this work concludes that a collapse of the caterpillar fungus system under ongoing warming and high collection pressure would have serious implications throughout the Himalayan region.



Trade of Cordyceps sinensis from high altitudes of the Indian Himalaya: Conservation and biotechnological priorities

The importance of the fungus as medicine, a case study of collection and trade in the Central Himalayan region, and research needs in the Indian context are highlighted.

Yarsagumba [ Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc.]; Traditional Utilization in Dolpa District, Western Nepal

Indigenous peoples are utilizing this Himalayan treasure for the treatment of different diseases like diarrhea, headache, cough, rheumatism, liver disease, and also as an aphrodisiac and tonic.

[Study on the biology of adults parasite of Cordyceps sinensis, Hepialus biruensis].

The host of parasite was collected in field, eclosion, mating and spawning in the different conditions were made, and it's biology and the regularity of the growth and development were observed.

[A preliminary study on alternation of generations of Cordyceps sinensis (Berkey) Sacc].

  • Q. LiW. ZengD. YinT. Huang
  • Medicine, Biology
    Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
  • 1998
The infestation of hepialus larvae by Cordyceps sinensis, growth and reproduction of hypha body in the hemolymph of host larvae, growth of stroma, maturity of hymenium and the abjection and germination of ascospores were observed.

Yartsa Gunbu (Cordyceps sinensis) and the Fungal Commodification of Tibet’s Rural Economy

A dramatic fungal commodification of the rural Tibetan economy is occurring, as the income from sale of Cordyceps often accounts for 70%–90% of a family’s annual cash income in areas where it grows.

Names related to cordyceps sinensis anamorph

Twenty-two names, involving 13 genera, associated with the anamorph of Cordyceps sinensis are listed and their nomenclatural status discussed and two of the eight names formally proposed as new species are invalid according to the provisions of ICBN articles.

Cordyceps – A traditional Chinese medicine and another fungal therapeutic biofactory?

The structure and histochemistry of sclerotia of Ophiocordyceps sinensis

The structure and histochemistry of sclerotia of Ophiocordyceps sinensis (synonym: Cordycep sinensis) are described and their possible significance is discussed.

Notes on the alpine Cordyceps of China and nearby nations

There are 3 taxa with morphological features which do not correspond with any of the hitherto described taxa of the genus COTdyceps, which are described and ilustrated as new, Cordyceps nepalensis.