# Stephen William Hawking CH CBE. 8 January 1942—14 March 2018

@article{Carr2019StephenWH, title={Stephen William Hawking CH CBE. 8 January 1942—14 March 2018}, author={Bernard J. Carr and George F. R. Ellis and G. W. Gibbons and James B. Hartle and Thomas Hertog and Roger Penrose and Malcolm J. Perry and Kip S. Thorne}, journal={BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF FELLOWS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY}, year={2019}, volume={66}, pages={267 - 308} }

Stephen Hawking's contributions to the understanding of gravity, black holes and cosmology were truly immense. They began with the singularity theorems in the 1960s followed by his discovery that black holes have an entropy and consequently a finite temperature. Black holes were predicted to emit thermal radiation, what is now called Hawking radiation. He pioneered the study of primordial black holes and their potential role in cosmology. His organization of and contributions to the Nuffield…

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