Step-by-step measurements of soft tissue balancing during total knee arthroplasty for patients with varus knees.

Using a step-by-step procedure, we measured joint gap during surgery using a simple device with a torque meter in 45 osteoarthritis knee joints (43 patients) with varus deformity. The effects of specific cuts or releases of the anatomic portion on joint gaps were investigated. Each cut or release resulted in various increases in the medial gap from 1.2 to 3… (More)