Stem-group stick insects (Phasmatodea) in the early Eocene at McAbee, British Columbia, Canada, and Republic, Washington, United States of America

@article{Archibald2015StemgroupSI,
  title={Stem-group stick insects (Phasmatodea) in the early Eocene at McAbee, British Columbia, Canada, and Republic, Washington, United States of America},
  author={S. Bruce Archibald and Sven Bradler},
  journal={The Canadian Entomologist},
  year={2015},
  volume={147},
  pages={744 - 753}
}
Abstract Stem-group Phasmatodea, known as the Susumanioidea, are previously established from the Jurassic through the Paleocene. Here, we extend this record to the early Eocene with five new fossils: two forewings from the Klondike Mountain Formation exposures at Republic, Washington, United States of America, and three partially complete specimens from the McAbee locality in southern British Columbia, Canada. We assign both of the Republic specimens to the new genus and species Eoprephasma… Expand
7 Citations
A review of paleobotanical studies of the Early Eocene Okanagan (Okanogan) Highlands floras of British Columbia, Canada, and Washington, USA
The history of plant fossil collecting in the Okanagan (Okanogan) Highlands of British Columbia and northeastern Washington is closely intertwined with the history of geological surveys and miningExpand
Integrated phylogenomic and fossil evidence of stick and leaf insects (Phasmatodea) reveal a Permian–Triassic co-origination with insectivores
TLDR
A Permian to Triassic origin of crown Phasmatodea coinciding with the radiation of early insectivorous parareptiles, amphibians and synapsids is recovered. Expand
A new stick insect (Phasmatodea: Susumanioidea) from the Lower Cretaceous Wealden Group of southern England
Abstract A new species of stick insect, Cretophasmomima traceyae sp. nov., is proposed based on a forewing preserved in the Lower Cretaceous Weald Clay Formation (Wealden Group) of Surrey, southernExpand
Old World and New World Phasmatodea: Phylogenomics Resolve the Evolutionary History of Stick and Leaf Insects
TLDR
The results suggest that the extant distribution of Phasmatodea is largely the result of dispersal events in a recently and rapidly diversified insect lineage rather than the resultof vicariant processes. Expand
Cretaceous winged stick insects clarify the early evolution of Phasmatodea
TLDR
Phylogenetic analyses suggest that the extinct winged taxa, including the new family of Pterophasmatidae, are the stem groups of modern stick and leaf insects, and all of them constitute the clade of Phasmatodea. Expand
Eocene paleontology and geology of western North America
Western North America preserves a rich record of Eocene life and environments under globally warm climates, and represents an interval where significant coal and other minerals were deposited. TheExpand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 69 REFERENCES
Early Eocene big headed flies (Diptera: Pipunculidae) from the Okanagan Highlands, western North America
Abstract Three new species of Pipunculidae (Diptera) are described (one named), from the early Eocene (Ypresian) Okanagan Highlands of British Columbia, Canada and Washington State, United States ofExpand
Under Cover at Pre-Angiosperm Times: A Cloaked Phasmatodean Insect from the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota
TLDR
A new fossil insect species, Cretophasmomima melanogramma Wang, Béthoux and Ren sp. Expand
Stick insect on unsafe ground: does a fossil from the early Eocene of France really link Mesozoic taxa with the extant crown group of Phasmatodea?
TLDR
It is argued that the presence of a well‐developed, externally visible ovipositor and four‐segmented cerci in Gallophasma can be interpreted only as plesiomorphic with regards to all extant PhasMatodea, or even to Phasmatodea plus its putative sister groups Embioptera or Orthoptera. Expand
FIRST RECORD OF FOSSIL STICK-INSECTS FROM CHINA WITH ANALYSES OF SOME PALEOBIOLOGICAL FEATURES (PHASMATODEA: HAGIPHASMATIDAE FAM.NOV.)
TLDR
These mate rial are the first authenticated records of fossil Phasmatodea from China and the trace of alimentary canal and welLpreserved operculum are analyzed and compared with recent stick-insects. Expand
The Eocene Apex of Panorpoid Scorpionfly Family Diversity
TLDR
It is proposed that the apex of Panorpoid family diversity ended by pressures from post-Eocene icehouse world climatic stress and the rise to ecological dominance of ants, some of which would have provided strong competition in scavenging for dead arthropods. Expand
How long can insect species exist? Evidence from extant and fossil Micromalthus beetles (Insecta: Coleoptera)
TLDR
Six new fossils of Micromalthus (Coleoptera: Archostemata) from Dominican amber are compared with extant and previously described fossil micromalthid beetles and a general survey of fossil insects indistinguishable from extant species is presented. Expand
New stem-Phasmatodea from the Middle Jurassic of China
Adjacivena rasnitsyni gen. n., sp. n., from the Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation (Daohugou Village, Inner Mongolia, China), is described based on a set of well-preserved specimens, interpretedExpand
The first fossil leaf insect: 47 million years of specialized cryptic morphology and behavior
TLDR
The combination of primitive and derived characters revealed by Eophyllium allows the determination of its exact phylogenetic position and illuminates the evolution of leaf mimicry for this insect group, providing direct evidence that Phylliinae originated at least 47 Mya. Expand
An early winged crown group stick insect from the Early Eocene amber of France (Insecta, Phasmatodea)
The new stick insect family Gallophasmatidae, based on Gallophasma longipalpisgen. et sp.n., from the Earliest Eocene French amber has a pattern of tegmina venation typical of Archaeorthoptera, alsoExpand
Extreme convergence in stick insect evolution: phylogenetic placement of the Lord Howe Island tree lobster
TLDR
It is concluded that the phenotypic traits leading to the traditional classification are convergent adaptations to ground-living behaviour, and molecular dating analyses indicate an ancient divergence between Dryococelus and its Australian relatives. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...