Stem cell marker expression in human trisomy 21 amniotic fluid cells and trophoblasts.

Down Syndrome is the most frequent genetic cause of mental retardation. Deregulation of specific differentiation processes is a major cause for the neuropathological cell features typical for this syndrome. The molecular mechanisms leading to Down Syndrome are likely to be operative from the very earliest time of embryonic/fetal development. We therefore… CONTINUE READING