Stellar Spin-Orbit Misalignment in a Multiplanet System

@article{Huber2013StellarSM,
  title={Stellar Spin-Orbit Misalignment in a Multiplanet System},
  author={Daniel Huber and Joshua A. Carter and Mauro Barbieri and Andrea Miglio and Katherine M. Deck and Daniel C. Fabrycky and Benjamin T. Montet and Lars A. Buchhave and William J. Chaplin and Saskia Hekker and Josefina Montalb{\'a}n and Roberto Sanchis-Ojeda and Sarbani Basu and Timothy R. Bedding and Tiago L. Campante and J{\o}rgen Christensen-Dalsgaard and Yvonne P. Elsworth and Dennis Stello and Torben Arentoft and Eric B. Ford and Ronald L. Gilliland and Rasmus Handberg and Andrew W. Howard and Howard T. Isaacson and John Asher Johnson and Christoffer Karoff and Steven D. Kawaler and Hans Kjeldsen and David W. Latham and Mikkel N. Lund and Mia S Lundkvist and Geoffrey W. Marcy and Travis S. Metcalfe and V{\'i}ctor Silva Aguirre and Joshua N. Winn},
  journal={Science},
  year={2013},
  volume={342},
  pages={331 - 334}
}
Misaligned Planets Stars with multiple coplanar planets have not been seen to show misalignments between the equatorial plane of the star and the orbital plane of the planets—a diagnostic of the dynamical history of planetary systems. Huber et al. (p. 331) analyzed the Kepler 56 planetary system, which contains a giant-sized and an intermediate-sized planet. The planets have orbits that are close to coplanar, but the planetary orbits are misaligned with the stellar equator. A third companion in… 

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