Steel Awls for Stone Age Plainswomen: Rock Art, Religion, and the Hide Trade on the Northern Plains

  title={Steel Awls for Stone Age Plainswomen: Rock Art, Religion, and the Hide Trade on the Northern Plains},
  author={Linea Sundstrom},
  journal={Plains Anthropologist},
  pages={119 - 99}
Abstract Archaeological, ethnographic, and historic data suggest the presence in Protohistoric times of a women s ceremonial tradition among Dakota and Lakota groups. The tradition involved creation of distinctive rock art, including deeply ground ungulate tracks, vulvas, and hand-and footprints, along with numerous abraded grooves commonly referred to as tool-sharpening grooves. Production of this rock art was related to vision experiences involving Double Woman, women s crafts, and… 
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