Status of Austro-Asiatic groups in the peopling of India: An exploratory study based on the available prehistoric, linguistic and biological evidences

@article{Kumar2007StatusOA,
  title={Status of Austro-Asiatic groups in the peopling of India: An exploratory study based on the available prehistoric, linguistic and biological evidences},
  author={Vikrant Kumar and B. Mohan Reddy},
  journal={Journal of Biosciences},
  year={2007},
  volume={28},
  pages={507-522}
}
Among the most contentious currently debated issues is about the people who had settled first in the Indian subcontinent. It has been suggested that the communities affiliated to the Austro-Asiatic linguistic family are perhaps the first to settle in India and the palaeoanthropological evidences suggest the earliest settlement probably around 60,000 years BP. Recent speculations, based on both traditional genetic markers and DNA markers, seem to corroborate the aforesaid view. However, these… 
Molecular Genetic Study on the Status of Transitional Groups of Central India: Cultural Diffusion or Demic Diffusion?
Abstract Two different models of diffusion - demic and cultural - have been proposed as an explanation for the spread of languages. Recent studies have shown that in some cases the dispersal of the
Genetic affinities among the lower castes and tribal groups of India: inference from Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA
TLDR
The present study suggests that the vast majority (>98%) of the Indian maternal gene pool, consisting of Indio-European and Dravidian speakers, is genetically more or less uniform.
Origins of the Austro‐Asiatic Populations
TLDR
A common paternal origin of Austro-Asiatics and the migration of paternal ancestors of Austo-Asiatic populations from East to South Asia, followed by the origin ofAustro- asiatic languages which subsequently spread to Southeast Asia, with primarily male-mediated migrations is inferred.
Y-chromosome evidence suggests a common paternal heritage of Austro-Asiatic populations
TLDR
The findings are consistent with the linguistic evidence, which suggests that the linguistic ancestors of the Austro-Asiatic populations have originated in India and then migrated to Southeast Asia.
Human origins studies in India : position , problems and prospects
The Indian subcontinent contains one of the richest and continuous records of hominin behavior in the Old World . This evidence is found in diverse paleoecological settings and temporal contexts
A microsatellite study to disentangle the ambiguity of linguistic, geographic, ethnic and genetic influences on tribes of India to get a better clarity of the antiquity and peopling of South Asia.
TLDR
The genetic relationship of linguistically (Dravidian, Austro-Asiatic, and Tibeto-Burman) and ethnically (Australian and East Asian) diverse tribal populations inhabiting different regions of the Indian subcontinent is examined to reconstruct and understand three plausible scenarios of the antiquity of Indian tribal populations.
Insights into the demographic history of Asia from common ancestry and admixture in the genomic landscape of present-day Austroasiatic speakers
TLDR
This study shows that contrary to assumptions in many previous studies and despite having linguistic commonality, Indian AAs have a distinct genomic structure compared to Malaysian AAs, reflective of the complex history of population migration and admixture shaping the genomic landscape of S&SEA.
Re-evaluating the linguistic prehistory of South Asia
South Asia represents a major region of linguistic complexity, encompassing at least five phyla that have been interacting over millennia. Although the larger languages are well-documented, many
The Austroasiatic Munda Population from India and Its Enigmatic Origin: A HLA Diversity Study
TLDR
The Munda from Northeast India showed that their peculiar genetic profile is better explained by a decrease in genetic diversity through genetic drift from an ancestral population having a genetic profile similar to present-day Austroasiatic populations from Southeast Asia, followed by intensive gene flow with neighboring Indian populations.
Different population histories of the Mundari- and Mon-Khmer-speaking Austro-Asiatic tribes inferred from the mtDNA 9-bp deletion/insertion polymorphism in Indian populations
TLDR
Austronesian populations of the Pacific and Austro-Asiatic populations of southeast Asia most frequently carry the 9-bp deletion in that region implying their shared common ancestry in haplogroup B, and the low polymorphism in the D-loop sequence of the Nicobarese B5a samples suggests their recent origin and a founder effect, probably involving migration from southeast Asia.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 109 REFERENCES
God-apes and fossil men : paleoanthropology of South Asia
Until recently the scientific study of the prehistoric peoples of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and the South Asian borderlands has been neglected, beyond some cursory comments in the popular
The Indo-Aryan Races A Study of the Origin of Indo-Aryan People and Institutions
THIS book, we are told in the preface, was intended to provide “a monograph on the origin of the Bengali people,” a useful project which has been supported by the newly founded Varendra Research
Ethnic populations of India as seen from an evolutionary perspective
TLDR
Analysis of variation at DNA level in contemporary human populations of India has provided evidence that mitochondrial DNA haplotypes based on RFLPs are strikingly similar across ethnic groups of India, consistent with the hypothesis that a small number of females entered India during the initial process of the peopling of India.
Biological Adaptations and Affinities of Mesolithic South Asians
The earliest reported discovery in South Asia of human skeletons associated with Mesolithic cultural materials occurred in 1880–1881 at Mahara Pahar, Uttar Pradesh, India (Allchin, 1958; Carlleyle
Multiple origins of the mtDNA 9-bp deletion in populations of South India.
TLDR
Phylogenetic analyses of mtDNA control region sequence from individuals with the 9-bp deletion indicate that it has arisen independently in some Indian tribal populations, implying multiple origins of the 9 -bp deletion in South India.
Genetic relationship of populations in China.
  • J. Chu, W. Huang, L. Jin
  • Biology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1998
TLDR
Genetic evidence does not support an independent origin of Homo sapiens in China, and it is more likely that ancestors of the populations currently residing in East Asia entered from Southeast Asia.
Genetic evidence of an early exit of Homo sapiens sapiens from Africa through eastern Africa
TLDR
M is rendered the first genetic indicator for the hypothesized exit route from Africa through eastern Africa/western India, possibly the only successful early dispersal event of modern humans out of Africa.
Pre-Caucasoid and Caucasoid genetic features of the Indian population, revealed by mtDNA polymorphisms.
TLDR
The hypothesis that the DdeI(10,394)AluI (10,397) (++) haplotype predated the Indo-European invasion and probably the split between proto-Indians and proto-Orientals is strongly supported.
FUNDAMENTAL GENOMIC UNITY OF ETHNIC INDIA IS REVEALED BY ANALYSIS OF MITOCHONDRIAL DNA
TLDR
This indicates that Indian populations were founded by a small number of females, possibly arriving on one of the early waves of out-of-Africa migration of modern humans; ethnic differentiationern Chinaoccurred subsequently through demographic expan-sions and geographic dispersal.
Genetic distances among the Ho tribe and other groups of Central Indians.
TLDR
The Ho, a settled tribal group of Chota Nagpur, India, were tested for five genetic characters and Affinities of these tribes are discussed taking into consideration the languages spoken by them.
...
...