Status and Ecological Effects of the World’s Largest Carnivores

@article{Ripple2014StatusAE,
  title={Status and Ecological Effects of the World’s Largest Carnivores},
  author={William J. Ripple and James A. Estes and Robert L. Beschta and Christopher C. Wilmers and Euan G. Ritchie and Mark Hebblewhite and Joel Berger and Bodil Elmhagen and Mike Letnic and Michael Paul Nelson and Oswald J. Schmitz and Douglas W. Smith and Arian D. Wallach and Aaron J. Wirsing},
  journal={Science},
  year={2014},
  volume={343}
}
Background The largest terrestrial species in the order Carnivora are wide-ranging and rare because of their positions at the top of food webs. They are some of the world’s most admired mammals and, ironically, some of the most imperiled. Most have experienced substantial population declines and range contractions throughout the world during the past two centuries. Because of the high metabolic demands that come with endothermy and large body size, these carnivores often require large prey and… 
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