Status Epilepticus: Risk Factors and Complications

  title={Status Epilepticus: Risk Factors and Complications},
  author={Nathan B. Fountain},
  • N. Fountain
  • Published 1 February 2000
  • Medicine, Biology, Psychology
  • Epilepsia
Summary: Status epilepticus is common and associated with significant mortality and complications. It affects approximately 50 patients per 100,000 population annually and recurs in >13%. History of epilepsy is the strongest single risk factor for generalized convulsive status epilepticus. More than 15% of patients with epilepsy have at least one episode of status epilepticus and low antiepileptic drug levels are a potentially modifiable risk factor. Other risks include young age, genetic… 


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An evidence‐based, clinically‐oriented and comprehensive review of status epilepticus and its definitions, aetiologies, treatments, outcomes and prognosis at different stages of the patient’s journey is presented.

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The neurologic outcomes and recurrence of SE were found to be strongly associated with etiology and seizure type, and generalized convulsive SE showed higher rates of recurrence.

Non-Convulsive Status Epilepticus in Ischemic Stroke and its Impact on Prognosisproach

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Determinants of Mortality in Status Epilepticus

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