Statistical Learning by 8-Month-Old Infants

  title={Statistical Learning by 8-Month-Old Infants},
  author={Jenny R. Saffran and Richard N. Aslin and Elissa L. Newport},
  pages={1926 - 1928}
Learners rely on a combination of experience-independent and experience-dependent mechanisms to extract information from the environment. Language acquisition involves both types of mechanisms, but most theorists emphasize the relative importance of experience-independent mechanisms. The present study shows that a fundamental task of language acquisition, segmentation of words from fluent speech, can be accomplished by 8-month-old infants based solely on the statistical relationships between… 

Statistical learning in a natural language by 8-month-old infants.

The results suggest that infants are sensitive to transitional probability cues in unfamiliar natural language stimuli, and support the claim that statistical learning is sufficiently robust to support aspects of real-world language acquisition.

Statistical Learning of Multiple Structures by 8-Month-Old Infants.

The ability to cope with multiple statistical structures is particularly relevant for learners in bilingual environments, who must learn multiple underlying structures in order to acquire both of their languages.

Pattern induction by infant language learners.

9-month-old infants were given the opportunity to induce specific phonological patterns in 3 experiments in which syllable structure, consonant voicing position, and segmental position were manipulated and revealed that infants rapidly extracted new phonological regularities.

Rule learning by seven-month-old infants.

Three experiments suggest that 7-month-old infants can represent, extract, and generalize abstract algebraic rules.

Statistical learning mechanisms in infancy

Mechanisms of Statistical Learning in Infancy

  • Scott P. Johnson
  • Psychology, Biology
    Language and Concept Acquisition from Infancy Through Childhood
  • 2020
This chapter examines competing models of statistical learning and how learning might be constrained by limits in infants’ attention, perception, and memory.

Computation of Conditional Probability Statistics by 8-Month-Old Infants

A recent report demonstrated that 8-month-olds can segment a continuous stream of speech syllables, containing no acoustic or prosodic cues to word boundaries, into wordlike units after only 2 min of

Early language acquisition: cracking the speech code

  • P. Kuhl
  • Linguistics
    Nature Reviews Neuroscience
  • 2004
New data show that infants use computational strategies to detect the statistical and prosodic patterns in language input, and that this leads to the discovery of phonemes and words.



Do infants perceive word boundaries? An empirical study of the bootstrapping of lexical acquisition.

Three-day-old infants were tested with a non-nutritive sucking paradigm, and the results of two experiments suggest that infants can discriminate between items that contain a word boundary and items that do not, lending plausibility to the hypothesis that infants might use word boundary cues during lexical acquisition.

Linguistic experience alters phonetic perception in infants by 6 months of age.

This study of 6-month-old infants from two countries, the United States and Sweden, shows that exposure to a specific language in the first half year of life alters infants' phonetic perception.

Infants′ Detection of the Sound Patterns of Words in Fluent Speech

The results of these studies suggest that some ability to detect words in fluent speech contexts is present by 7 1/2 months of age.

From Phoneme to Morpheme

A constructional procedure segmenting an utterance in a way which correlates well with word and morpheme boundaries is presented, finding particular points of segmentation within one utterance at a time.

Rules and representations

Abstract The book from which these sections are excerpted (N. Chomsky, Rules and Representations, Columbia University Press, 1980) is concerned with the prospects for assimilating the study of human

First suckling response of the newborn albino rat: The role of olfaction and amniotic fluid

Washing the nipples of anesthetized parturient rats virtually eliminated nipple attachment by their young and provides behavioral evidence for olfactory function in the newborn albino rat.

The Crosslinguistic Study of Language Acquisition

These two volumes contain 16 chapters together with an editorial introduction. One of the papers in Volume II is also by Slobin and he is coauthor of the chapter on Turkish in Volume I. Volume I is