Statistical Hypothesis Testing versus Machine Learning Binary Classification: Distinctions and Guidelines

@article{Li2020StatisticalHT,
  title={Statistical Hypothesis Testing versus Machine Learning Binary Classification: Distinctions and Guidelines},
  author={J. Li and Xin Tong},
  journal={Patterns},
  year={2020},
  volume={1}
}
  • J. Li, Xin Tong
  • Published 2020
  • Medicine, Computer Science, Mathematics, Biology
  • Patterns
Making binary decisions is a common data analytical task in scientific research and industrial applications. In data sciences, there are two related but distinct strategies: hypothesis testing and binary classification. In practice, how to choose between these two strategies can be unclear and rather confusing. Here, we summarize key distinctions between these two strategies in three aspects and list five practical guidelines for data analysts to choose the appropriate strategy for specific… Expand

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