Stationary two-atom entanglement induced by nonclassical two-photon correlations

Abstract

A system of two two-level atoms interacting with a squeezed vacuum field can exhibit stationary entanglement associated with nonclassical two-photon correlations characteristic of the squeezed vacuum field. The amount of entanglement present in the system is quantified by the well known measure of entanglement called concurrence. We find analytical formulas describing the concurrence for two identical and nonidentical atoms and show that it is possible to obtain a large degree of steady-state entanglement in the system. Necessary conditions for the entanglement are nonclassical two-photon correlations and nonzero collective decay. It is shown that nonidentical atoms are a better source of stationary entanglement than identical atoms. We discuss the optimal physical conditions for creating entanglement in the system, in particular, it is shown that there is an optimal and rather small value of the mean photon number required for creating entanglement. Submitted to: J. Opt. B: Quantum Semiclass. Opt. PACS numbers: 32.80.-t, 42.50.-p Stationary two-atom entanglement 2

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Tanas2003StationaryTE, title={Stationary two-atom entanglement induced by nonclassical two-photon correlations}, author={Ryszard Tanas and Zbigniew Ficek}, year={2003} }